Global Security Newswire
Daily News on Nuclear, Biological & Chemical Weapons, Terrorism and Related Issues
North Korea Seen Quickly Building Atomic Reactor
Recent photographs taken from space show that North Korea is quickly building a new light-water reactor, with construction almost finished on the site's barrier walls, the Washington Post reported on Tuesday (see GSN, Nov. 14).
The photographs, taken earlier in the month and provided by DigitalGlobe Analysis Center, reveal the reactor's turbine room and other supporting buildings are almost finished, according to former U.S. nuclear negotiator Joel Wit, who published the satellite photographs on his website, 38North.org.
The expert estimated that finishing the reactor's housing could require between six months and a year. As the reactor site does not yet contain the technology associated with nuclear power generation, the plant might not go on line for an additional two to three years, he said.
The rapid clip at which work on the reactor is proceeding supports North Korea's recent assertion that it possess all of the resources and expertise necessary to domestically construct atomic reactors, according to the Post. When U.S. nuclear weapon experts were given a tour of the site at the Yongbyon nuclear complex a year ago, not much progress had been made in building the reactor (see GSN, Nov. 15, 2010).
It is not apparent whether the light-water reactor is intended for actual atomic energy generation, as North Korea has claimed, or if it is meant to mask efforts to generate fissile material as the United States and other governments suspect. One year ago, Pyongyang revealed for the first time a uranium enrichment program that it asserted was aimed at producing reactor fuel.
"It's a nice cover story, potentially, for their highly enriched uranium program," Wit said.
The Stalinist state must also acquire or generate the uranium dioxide fuel pellets needed to run the reactor (Chico Harlan, Washington Post, Nov. 14).
Meanwhile, the U.S. and South Korean senior representatives to the six-nation negotiations aimed at North Korean denuclearization met in Vienna on Monday to address prospects for relaunching the moribund talks, a South Korean Foreign Ministry official told the Yonhap News Agency (Yonhap News Agency, Nov. 15).
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GSN ceased publication on July 31, 2014. Its articles and daily issues will remain archived and available on NTI’s website.
Oct. 23, 2014
NTI Vice Chairman Des Browne delivered the keynote address at the Washington-based Arms Control Association's annual meeting, covering a range of nuclear policy issues.
This article provides an overview of North Korea's historical and current policies relating to nuclear, chemical, biological and missile proliferation.