Global Security Newswire
Daily News on Nuclear, Biological & Chemical Weapons, Terrorism and Related Issues
Russia Enters Final Stage of Chemical Disarmament
Russia has moved into its final, most technically difficult stage of its chemical weapons disposal effort, ITAR-Tass quoted the program's top official as saying on Tuesday.
“We are to do away with the most dangerous pieces of ammunition of complex design,” said Col. Vladimir Mandych. “Their elimination is very costly and risky.”
He also noted the danger associated with destroying 7,000 deteriorating munitions.
Russia once held a world's-largest stockpile of 40,000 metric tons of chemical warfare agents at seven storage sites. Roughly 26,500 metric tons, 66 percent of the original arsenal, have been destroyed during the first three stages of the project. Two demilitarization plants have completed operations, four remain active and one is not yet fully built.
Mandych reaffirmed Russia's intention to complete disposal operations by the end of 2015. That is more than three years beyond this year's final deadline set for member nations to the Chemical Weapons Convention.
Libya, Russia and the United States are not being penalized for breaching that the April 29 end date, but rather face a mandatory program of increased reporting and transparency until their stockpiles are eliminated.
Mandych acknowledged that the United States and 14 other nations have aided Russia's chemical disarmament program, which he said is expected to cost $11.7 billion.
"Basically, they provide equipment or fund the construction of disposal facilities," the officer said.
Oct. 31, 2013
This CNS issue brief examines the lessons learned from dismantling Libya and Iraq's chemical weapons programs and what these two cases presage for disarmament in Syria. In particular, this article explores the challenges relating to ensuring material and physical security for both inspectors and the chemical weapons stockpile itself; verifying the accuracy and completeness of disclosed inventories; and developing effective monitoring and verification regimes for the long-term. The conclusion examines recommendations stemming from this analysis.
Oct. 21, 2013
The UNSCR 1540 Resource Collection examines implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1540, which requires all states to implement measures aimed at preventing non-state actors from acquiring NBC weapons, related materials, and their means of delivery. It details implementation efforts in all of the regions and countries of the world to-date.
This article provides an overview of Russia’s historical and current policies relating to nuclear, chemical, biological and missile proliferation.