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Daily News on Nuclear, Biological & Chemical Weapons, Terrorism and Related Issues
Syria's Chemical-Destruction Moves Prompt Cautious U.S. Praise
New chemical-disarmament steps by the Syrian government prompted praise from Washington's top diplomat on Monday, hours after Damascus destroyed the first of its warfare materials under international supervision.
"I’m not going to vouch today for what happens months down the road, but it’s a good beginning, and we should welcome a good beginning," U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry said in a morning press conference in Bali, Indonesia.
On Sunday, Syrian-government workers started using power tools to cut apart gear such as "missile warheads, aerial bombs and mixing-and-filling equipment," the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons said in a statement. "The process will continue in the coming days."
Syrian President Bashar Assad's regime faces a Nov. 1 deadline to fully dismantle its capability to produce chemical weapons. Destroying the government's chemical-warfare substances is slated to take longer, and the process could involve mass shipment of the materials out of Syrian territory, the New York Times reported on Saturday.
Chemical weapons analyst Jean Pascal Zanders, though, said "there is no way they can get around" a ban on transferring such agents between states parties to the Chemical Weapons Convention, the Christian Science Monitor reported on Sunday.
Obama administration insiders said Damascus apparently was transferring chemical arms to several gathering points, a possible signal of its intention to support international plans to eliminate the weapons, the Washington Post reported on Saturday.
One issue expert, though, referenced actions by Saddam Hussein's Iraq to argue that Assad "could use the rights afforded to him under the Chemical Weapons Convention ... to thwart the work" of international disarmament crews.
As in prewar Iraq, Assad "rolled out the welcome mat for inspectors, then stalled them while trying to destroy incriminating evidence," said Amy Smithson, a senior fellow at the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies.
Oct. 31, 2013
This CNS issue brief examines the lessons learned from dismantling Libya and Iraq's chemical weapons programs and what these two cases presage for disarmament in Syria. In particular, this article explores the challenges relating to ensuring material and physical security for both inspectors and the chemical weapons stockpile itself; verifying the accuracy and completeness of disclosed inventories; and developing effective monitoring and verification regimes for the long-term. The conclusion examines recommendations stemming from this analysis.
Oct. 21, 2013
The UNSCR 1540 Resource Collection examines implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1540, which requires all states to implement measures aimed at preventing non-state actors from acquiring NBC weapons, related materials, and their means of delivery. It details implementation efforts in all of the regions and countries of the world to-date.
This article provides an overview of Syria's historical and current policies relating to nuclear, chemical, biological and missile proliferation.