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Statement by the Euro-Atlantic Security Leadership Group: Support for Dialogue Among Governments to Address Cyber Threats to Nuclear Facilities, Strategic Warning and Nuclear Command and Control

Statement by the Euro-Atlantic Security Leadership Group: Support for Dialogue Among Governments to Address Cyber Threats to Nuclear Facilities, Strategic Warning and Nuclear Command and Control

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For the past three years, Des Browne, Wolfgang Ischinger, Igor Ivanov, Sam Nunn, and their respective organizations—the European Leadership Network (ELN), the Munich Security Conference (MSC), the Russian International Affairs Council (RIAC), and the Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI)—have been working with former and current officials and experts from a group of Euro-Atlantic states and the European Union to test ideas and develop proposals for improving security in areas of existential common interest.  The Euro-Atlantic Security Leadership Group (EASLG) operates as an independent and informal initiative, with participants who reflect the diversity of the Euro-Atlantic region from the United States, Canada, Russia, and fifteen European countries.

We have crossed over to a new nuclear era in which cyber
capabilities transform the nuclear risks. 
Cyber threats make more likely the risk of human error and accidents,
miscalculations, or blunders.  These
risks are compounded by the potential for cyberattacks from state or non-state
actors that can lead to the theft of nuclear materials or sabotage to a nuclear
facility, false warning of a missile attack, or the intrusion into nuclear
command and control systems.

The aftermath of a cyberattack could be catastrophic, involving
a Fukushima-like disaster or use of a nuclear weapon, potentially impacting
every nation in the Euro-Atlantic space. 

Reducing and managing cyber nuclear risks is an existential
common interest for all nations in the Euro-Atlantic region.  Governments have a shared responsibility to work
together to mitigate these risks.

Nations in the Euro-Atlantic region should engage in
discussions for reaching at least informal understandings on cyber dangers
related to nuclear facilities, strategic warning systems, and nuclear command
and control.  These dangers should be
urgently addressed to prevent the potentially catastrophic consequences of a
cyber attack on a nuclear facility or war by mistake.

As a first priority, nations could work to develop clear
“rules of the road” in the nuclear cyber world and explore mechanisms to
develop and implement measures that reduce these risks. 

The nations in the Euro-Atlantic region are confronting a
range of significant issues today.  But
none should distract from urgently pursuing practical steps now that can reduce
real and potentially catastrophic dangers.

###

Signatories to the Joint Statement by the Euro-Atlantic
Security Leadership Group

Support for Dialogue Among Governments to Address Cyber
Threats to Nuclear Facilities, Strategic Warning, and Nuclear Command and
Control

Co-Conveners

Des
Browne

Vice Chair, Nuclear Threat Initiative; Chair of the Board of
Trustees and Directors of the European Leadership Network; and former Secretary
of State for Defence, United Kingdom

Ambassador
(Botschafter) Professor Wolfgang Ischinger

Chairman (Vorsitzender),
Munich Security Conference Foundation, Germany

Igor
Ivanov

Former Minister of Foreign Affairs, Russia

Sam
Nunn

Co-Chair, Nuclear Threat
Initiative; and former U.S. Senator, United States

Participants

Ambassador
Brooke Anderson

Former Chief of Staff, National Security Council, United
States

Steve
Andreasen

National Security Consultant, Nuclear Threat Initiative; and
former Director for Defense Policy and Arms Control, National Security Council,
United States

Joel
Bell

Chairman, Chumir Foundation for Ethics in Leadership, Canada

Robert
Berls

Senior Advisor for Russia and Eurasia, Nuclear Threat
Initiative; and former Special Assistant for Russia/NIS Programs to the
Secretary of Energy, United States

Philip
Mark Breedlove

General (Ret), United States Air Force; former Commander,
U.S. European Command, and 17th Supreme Allied Commander Europe of NATO Allied,
United States

William
J. Burns

President, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace,
United States

Ambassador
Richard Burt

Chairman Global Zero USA, United States

E.
Buzhinskiy

Chairman of PIR Center Executive Board; Vice-President of
RIAC; and Lt-General (Ret), Russia

General
(Ret) Vincenzo Camporini

Vice President Istituto Affari Internazionali, Italy

Hikmet
Çetin

Former Foreign Minister, Turkey

James
F. Collins

(Amb. Retired) Senior Fellow, Russia and Eurasia Program,
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, United States

Admiral
Giampaolo Di Paola

Former Chief of Defence; former Chairman of NATO’s Military
Committee; former Minister of Defence, Italy

Ambassador
Rolf Ekéus

Diplomat and Chairman Emeritus of the Stockholm
International Peace Research Institute, Sweden

Sir
Christopher Harper

KBE, United Kingdom

James
L. Jones

General (Ret), USMC; President, Jones Group International,
United States

Roderich
Kiesewetter

Member of Bundestag, Germany

Bert
Koenders

Former Minister of Foreign Affairs, Netherlands

Łukasz
Kulesa

Research Director and Head of the Warsaw Office, European
Leadership Network, Poland

Imants
Lieģis

Former Minister of Defence, Latvia

O.
Faruk Loğoğlu

Former Ambassador to the United States and Undersecretary of
the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Turkey

Hon.
Andrea Manciulli

Head of Italy’s Delegation to the NATO Parliamentary
Assembly, Italy

Ernest
J. Moniz

Co-Chair and CEO, Nuclear Threat Initiative; and former U.S.
Secretary of Energy, United States

Ferdinando
Nelli Feroci

President, Istituto Affari Internazionali, Italy

Professor
Roland Paris

University Research Chair in International Security and
Governance, University of Ottawa, Canada

Paul
Quilès

Former Defence Minister; and Chairman of IDN (Initiatives for Nuclear Disarmament), France

Bruno
Racine

Chairman, Fondation pour la recherche stratégique, France

Ambassador
Māris Riekstiņš

Former Foreign Minister, Latvia

Joan Rohlfing

President and Chief Operating
Officer, Nuclear Threat Initiative, United States

Sir
John Scarlett

Chief Secret Intelligence Service 2004-2009, United Kingdom

General
Igor Petrovich Smeshko

Former Head of the Security Service (SBU) (2003-2005),
Ukraine

Stefano
Stefanini

Former Italian Permanent Representative to NATO; ELN
Executive Board; Atlantic Council Nonresident Senior Fellow; and Project
Associates Brussels Director, Italy

Adam
Thomson

Director, European Leadership Network, United Kingdom

Nathalie
Tocci

Director Istituto Affari Internazionali; and Special Advisor
HRVP Federica Mogherini, Italy

General
(Ret) Dr. Erich Vad

Lecturer at the Universities of Munich and Salzburg,
Germany

William
Wallace

Rt Hon Lord Wallace of Saltaire, United Kingdom

Isabelle Williams

Senior Advisory Global Nuclear Policy Program, Nuclear
Threat Initiative, United Kingdom 

Marcin
Zaborowski

Former Executive Director, Polish Institute of International
Affairs (2010-2015), Poland

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