Algeria Flag for Algeria

Country Spotlight

Algeria does not have and is not suspected to be in pursuit of a nuclear, chemical, or biological weapons program. However, they purchased multiple Iskander-e missile systems from Russia. During the 1960s, France conducted numerous nuclear weapons tests in Algeria. Algeria operates two nuclear research reactors and supports the “total elimination of nuclear weapons.”

See Algeria's preformance in:

Region   Middle East and North Africa

2 Nuclear research reactors operated by Algeria

17 Nuclear weapons tests conducted by France in Algerian desert

4 Iskander-e missile systems purchased from Russia


Nuclear

  • Signed secret agreement with China in 1983 to receive 2nd reactor, causing international concern of potential weapons proliferation
  • Signed NPT as non-nuclear weapon state in 1995 and one of 1st countries to sign Treaty of Pelindaba
  • Operates 2 research reactors under IAEA additional protocol safeguards

View the full Algeria Overview


Biological

  • Unsubstantiated media reports in 2009 claim that Al Qaeda attempted to develop biological weapons in Algeria 
  • Possesses a limited dual-use biotechnology program
  • Joined the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC) in 2001


Missile

  • Purchased 4 Iskander-e tactical missile systems from Russia in 2013
  • Tested Iskander-e system during military exercises in November 2020
  • Not a member of the Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation (HCOC)


Chemical

  • Active member of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW)
  • Ratified the Chemical Weapons Convention in August 1995 
  • Does not possess a chemical weapons program

Treaties and Regimes Memberships

See all Treaties & Regimes

Pelindaba Treaty

The African Nuclear-Weapon-Free-Zone (ANWFZ) Treaty of Pelindaba established the African continent as a Nuclear-Weapons-Free-Zone.

Learn More

Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW)

The Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW) bans the use, possession, testing, and transfer of nuclear weapons under international law.

Learn More

NPT

The NPT is a treaty aimed at limiting the spread of nuclear weapons through the three pillars of non-proliferation, disarmament, and peaceful use of nuclear energy.

Learn More

Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT)

The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty bans all nuclear explosion tests on Earth. It needs eight key countries to ratify before entry into force.

Learn More

Facilities

See All Facilities


Analysis

Algeria

Education Center

Extensive resources on nuclear policy, biological threats, radiological security, cyber threats and more.

Explore the Center

Close

My Resources