Algeria Flag for Algeria

Country Spotlight

Algeria does not possess a nuclear, chemical, or biological weapons program. However, it has purchased multiple Iskander-e ballistic missile systems from Russia. During the 1960s, France conducted numerous nuclear weapons tests on Algerian territory. It operates two nuclear research reactors.

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Region   Middle East and North Africa

2 Nuclear research reactors operated by Algeria

17 Nuclear weapons tests conducted by France in Algerian desert

4 Iskander-e missile systems purchased from Russia


  • Signed secret agreement with China in 1983 to receive 2nd reactor, causing international concern of potential weapons proliferation
  • Signed NPT as non-nuclear weapon state in 1995 and one of 1st countries to sign Treaty of Pelindaba

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  • Unsubstantiated media reports in 2009 claim that Al Qaeda attempted to develop biological weapons in Algeria 
  • Possesses a limited dual-use biotechnology program
  • Joined the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC) in 2001


  • Purchased 4 Iskander-e tactical missile systems from Russia in 2013
  • Tested Iskander-e system during military exercises in November 2020
  • Not a member of the Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation (HCOC)


  • Active member of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW)
  • Ratified the Chemical Weapons Convention in August 1995 
  • Does not possess a chemical weapons program

Treaties and Regimes Memberships

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Pelindaba Treaty

The African Nuclear-Weapon-Free-Zone (ANWFZ) Treaty of Pelindaba established the African continent as a Nuclear-Weapons-Free-Zone.

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Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW)

The Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW) bans the use, possession, testing, and transfer of nuclear weapons under international law.

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The NPT is a treaty aimed at limiting the spread of nuclear weapons through the three pillars of non-proliferation, disarmament, and peaceful use of nuclear energy.

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Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT)

The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty bans all nuclear explosion tests on Earth. It needs eight key countries to ratify before entry into force.

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