Georgia Flag for Georgia

Country Spotlight

As part of its Soviet legacy, Georgia possesses a decommissioned nuclear reactor and three nuclear research institutes as well as several military bases contaminated with radioactive waste. Georgia does not possess or produce nuclear, chemical, or biological weapons and is party to the major nonproliferation treaties and regimes.

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Region   Former Soviet Union

3 Nuclear research institutes

1998 Collaborated with the U.S. and the U.K. to remove all HEU and LEU-based reactor fuel from the country

1998 Enacted the first export control laws in the Caucasus


  • Has never possessed or sought to develop nuclear weapons
  • Received training, equipment, and funding from the U.S. to improve border controls and prevent the trafficking of nuclear and radiological materials


  • Has never possessed or sought to develop biological weapons
  • Hosted dual-use biological weapons production facilities during the USSR, now dismantled
  • Extensive cooperation with United States on biodefense


  • Does not possess ballistic missile systems
  • Member of the Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation


  • Has never possessed or sought to develop chemical weapons

Treaties and Regimes Memberships

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The NPT is a treaty aimed at limiting the spread of nuclear weapons through the three pillars of non-proliferation, disarmament, and peaceful use of nuclear energy.

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Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC)

The Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) requires countries to destroy all chemical weapons and prohibits developing, stockpiling, or using chemical weapons.

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Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT)

The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty bans all nuclear explosion tests on Earth. It needs eight key countries to ratify before entry into force.

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Biological Weapons Convention (BWC)

The BTWC mandates the elimination of existing biological weapons and prohibits developing, stockpiling, or using biological and toxin weapons.

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