Kyrgyzstan Flag for Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan did not inherit nuclear, chemical, or biological weapons after the collapse of the Soviet Union and has not pursued WMD since. However, radioactive waste from uranium mining and milling operations bespeak to the legacy of the Soviet nuclear weapons establishment.

See Kyrgyzstan's preformance in

Region   Former Soviet Union

36 Est. number of legacy uranium tailing sites remaining in Kyrgyzstan 

150,000,000 Invested by the Eurasian Development Bank to modernize and clean the Kara-Balta Plant (shut down in 2016) 

? Unknown number of items unaccounted for believed to contain radioactive material


  • Large amounts of radioactive waste stored in Kyrgyzstan pose significant health risk
  • Member of the Central Asia Nuclear-Weapon-Free-Zone (CANWFZ) since 2006
  • Kara-Balta uranium ore mining plant supplied Russia’s nuclear program from 2000-2006, but the plant shut down in 2016 


  • Kyrgyzstan has no known Biological Weapons and lacks the domestic capability to produce them
  • Party to the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC) 


  • Does not possess ballistic or cruise missiles
  • Not party to Hague Code of Conduct Against Ballistic Missile Proliferation


  • Kyrgyzstan has no known chemical weapons and lacks the domestic capability to produce them 
  • Party to the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC)

Treaties and Regimes Memberships

See all Treaties & Regimes

Central Asia Nuclear-Weapon-Free-Zone (CANWFZ)

The Central Asian Nuclear-Weapon-Free-Zone (CANWFZ) made formerly-Soviet Central Asia, a Nuclear-Weapons-Free-Zone under the Semipalatinsk Treaty.

Learn More

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

The CIS is an association that coordinates the facilitation of free movement of goods, services, labor force, and capital between member states. It also promotes cooperation on security matters.

Learn More


The NPT is a treaty aimed at limiting the spread of nuclear weapons through the three pillars of non-proliferation, disarmament, and peaceful use of nuclear energy.

Learn More

Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT)

The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty bans all nuclear explosion tests on Earth. It needs eight key countries to ratify before entry into force.

Learn More


See All Facilities



More Analysis

Education Center

Extensive resources on nuclear policy, biological threats, radiological security, cyber threats and more.

Explore the Center


My Resources