Taiwan Flag for Taiwan


Since losing mainland China to the Chinese Communist Party, the Republic of China (better known as Taiwan) has remained a significant flashpoint in East Asia. While Taiwan pursued—and abandoned—nuclear weapons programs in the past, its current relationship to nonproliferation regimes remains ambiguous, as most countries do not recognize its sovereignty.

See Taiwan's preformance in:

Region   East Asia and the Pacific

3 Nuclear power reactors in operation

2014 Renewed agreement with US on peaceful nuclear energy cooperation

1950s-1988 Attempted to develop nuclear weapons


  • Taiwan’s nuclear plants are subject to IAEA inspections
  • Signed NPT in 1968 as the Republic of China; membership transferred to People’s Republic of China in 1971
  • Signed an accord with China in 2011 on nuclear safety and emergency reporting


  • Taiwanese officials have denied past accusations that it is developing biological weapons
  • Possesses a large biochemical industry with dual-use potential


  • Has historically focused on developing antiship cruise missiles and short range ballistic missiles (SRBMs)
  • International restrictions on Taiwan have fueled its domestic development of new missile technologies
  • Plans to purchase US-made Patriot missile defense systems



  • Cannot officially join the Australia Group or Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC)
  • Officials have denied ever developing offensive chemical weapons

Treaties and Regimes Memberships

See all Treaties & Regimes


See All Facilities



Taiwan Missile Overview

Fact Sheet

Taiwan Missile Overview

Full overview of Taiwan's nuclear, chemical, biological, and missile capabilities and nonproliferation activities.

More Analysis

Education Center

Extensive resources on nuclear policy, biological threats, radiological security, cyber threats and more.

Explore the Center


My Resources