Taiwan Flag for Taiwan

Spotlight

Since losing mainland China to the Chinese Communist Party, the Republic of China (better known as Taiwan) has remained a significant flashpoint in East Asia. While Taiwan pursued—and abandoned—nuclear weapons programs in the past, its current relationship to nonproliferation regimes remains ambiguous, as most countries do not recognize its sovereignty.

See Taiwan's preformance in:

Region   East Asia and the Pacific

3 Nuclear power reactors in operation

2014 Renewed agreement with US on peaceful nuclear energy cooperation

1950s-1988 Attempted to develop nuclear weapons


Nuclear

  • Taiwan’s nuclear plants are subject to IAEA inspections
  • Signed NPT in 1968 as the Republic of China; membership transferred to People’s Republic of China in 1971
  • Signed an accord with China in 2011 on nuclear safety and emergency reporting


Biological

  • Taiwanese officials have denied past accusations that it is developing biological weapons
  • Possesses a large biochemical industry with dual-use potential


Missile

  • Has historically focused on developing antiship cruise missiles and short range ballistic missiles (SRBMs)
  • International restrictions on Taiwan have fueled its domestic development of new missile technologies
  • Plans to purchase US-made Patriot missile defense systems

Taiwan-Missile


Chemical

  • Cannot officially join the Australia Group or Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC)
  • Officials have denied ever developing offensive chemical weapons

Treaties and Regimes Memberships

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Facilities

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Analysis

Taiwan

Taiwan Missile Overview

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Taiwan Missile Overview

Full overview of Taiwan's nuclear, chemical, biological, and missile capabilities and nonproliferation activities.


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