Uzbekistan Flag for Uzbekistan

Country Spotlight

Uzbekistan does not have a domestic nuclear, biological, or chemical weapons program and is party to relevant international treaties.

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Region   Former Soviet Union

$11 billion Estimated cost of proposed, Russian-supplied nuclear power plant

63 Kilograms of highly enriched uranium returned from Uzbekistan to Russia in 2006

7th Uzbekistan’s rank in uranium oxide production globally


Nuclear

  • Possesses two operational nuclear research reactors from the Soviet era which have been converted to run on Low-Enriched Uranium (LEU)
  • Has been a major uranium supplier since the Soviet era and continues to mine and export uranium globally
  • Joined and originally proposed the Central Asian Nuclear Weapon Free Zone (CANWFZ)


Biological

  • Inherited numerous biological weapons facilities from the Soviet era, including the Aralsk-7, located on Vozrozhdeniya Island in the Aral Sea
  • Despite efforts under the Comprehensive Threat Reduction program (CTR) there remain serious concerns over the safety of the remaining biological agents in these facilities


Missile

  • No known ballistic missile program, but possesses the industrial and technological capability to produce components
  • Party to the Hague Code of Conduct Against Ballistic Missile Proliferation (HCOC) and the Intermediate Nuclear Forces Treat (INF)


Chemical

  • Party to the Hague Code of Conduct Against Ballistic Missile Proliferation (HCOC) and the Intermediate Nuclear Forces Treat (INF)
  • Does not possess a chemical weapons program

Treaties and Regimes Memberships

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Central Asia Nuclear-Weapon-Free-Zone (CANWFZ)

The Central Asian Nuclear-Weapon-Free-Zone (CANWFZ) made formerly-Soviet Central Asia, a Nuclear-Weapons-Free-Zone under the Semipalatinsk Treaty.

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Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

The CIS is an association that coordinates the facilitation of free movement of goods, services, labor force, and capital between member states. It also promotes cooperation on security matters.

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Biological Weapons Convention (BTWC)

The BTWC mandates the elimination of existing biological weapons and prohibits developing, stockpiling, or using biological and toxin weapons.

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NPT

The NPT is a treaty aimed at limiting the spread of nuclear weapons through the three pillars of non-proliferation, disarmament, and peaceful use of nuclear energy.

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Facilities

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Strengthening Global Systems to Prevent and Respond to High-Consequence Biological Threats

Report

Strengthening Global Systems to Prevent and Respond to High-Consequence Biological Threats

A new NTI | bio report released today on the sidelines of the Biological Weapons Convention Meeting of States Parties, “Strengthening Global Systems to Prevent and Respond to High-Consequence Biological Threats,” outlines actionable recommendations for the international community to bolster prevention and response capabilities for high-consequence biological events.


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