Uzbekistan Flag for Uzbekistan

Country Spotlight

Uzbekistan does not possess nuclear, chemical, or biological weapons. When part of the USSR, Uzbekistan provided much of the uranium for the Soviet nuclear weapons program. Today, it is a member of all relevant arms control treaties including the Central Asia Nuclear Weapons Free-Zone Treaty.

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Region   Former Soviet Union

$11 billion Estimated cost of proposed Russian-supplied nuclear power plant

63 Kilograms of highly enriched uranium returned from Uzbekistan to Russia in 2006

5th Global rank in uranium oxide production


  • Possesses two operational nuclear research reactors from the Soviet era which have been converted to run on Low-Enriched Uranium (LEU)
  • Has been a major uranium supplier since the Soviet era and continues to mine and export uranium globally
  • Joined and originally proposed the Central Asian Nuclear Weapon Free Zone (CANWFZ)


  • Inherited numerous biological weapons facilities from the Soviet era, including the Aralsk-7
  • Despite efforts under the U.S. Cooperative Threat Reduction (CTR) program there remain serious concerns over the safety of the remaining biological agents in these facilities


  • No known ballistic missile program, but possesses the industrial and technological capability to produce components
  • Party to the Hague Code of Conduct Against Ballistic Missile Proliferation (HCOC)


  • Does not possess a chemical weapons program

Treaties and Regimes Memberships

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Central Asia Nuclear-Weapon-Free-Zone (CANWFZ)

The Central Asian Nuclear-Weapon-Free-Zone (CANWFZ) made formerly-Soviet Central Asia, a Nuclear-Weapons-Free-Zone under the Semipalatinsk Treaty.

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Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

The CIS is an association that coordinates the facilitation of free movement of goods, services, labor force, and capital between member states. It also promotes cooperation on security matters.

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Biological Weapons Convention (BWC)

The BTWC mandates the elimination of existing biological weapons and prohibits developing, stockpiling, or using biological and toxin weapons.

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The NPT is a treaty aimed at limiting the spread of nuclear weapons through the three pillars of non-proliferation, disarmament, and peaceful use of nuclear energy.

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“A Pivotal Juncture:” Ambassador Laura Holgate on the Future of Nuclear Security

Atomic Pulse

“A Pivotal Juncture:” Ambassador Laura Holgate on the Future of Nuclear Security

Ahead of the 2024 International Conference on Nuclear Security, U.S. Ambassador to the Vienna Office of the United Nations and the IAEA Laura Holgate joined NTI Co-Chair and CEO Ernest J. Moniz and Vice President for Nuclear Materials Security Scott Roecker for a conversation on “The Future of Nuclear Security.”

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