Venezuela Flag for Venezuela

Country Spotlight

Venezuela has never possessed biological, chemical, or nuclear weapons. It does not maintain a ballistic missile program but has cooperated closely with Russia and Iran on defense issues. Under former President Chavez, Venezuela expressed interest in developing nuclear energy capabilities, but ongoing financial challenges have put these plans on hold.

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Region   South America, Central America, and the Caribbean

1970 Ratified the Treaty of Tlatelolco, establishing a nuclear weapons-free zone in Latin America

1983 Signed an agreement with Brazil to facilitate cooperation on peaceful nuclear energy

2012 Began producing UAVs with Iranian assistance


  • Has never possessed or seriously pursued nuclear weapons
  • Signed a general agreement on nuclear cooperation with Russia in 2008
  • Collaborated with Iran to search for uranium deposits in 2009


  • Has never possessed an offensive bioweapons program
  • Adopted legislation prohibiting the acquisition, manufacture, and development of chemical and biological weapons


  • Does not possess a long-range missile program
  • Has expressed interest in purchasing Iranian-made missiles
  • Possesses Russian-made MANPADS surface-to-air missiles


  • Has never possessed an offensive chemical weapons program
  • Adopted legislation prohibiting the acquisition, manufacture, and development of chemical and biological weapons

Treaties and Regimes Memberships

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The NPT is a treaty aimed at limiting the spread of nuclear weapons through the three pillars of non-proliferation, disarmament, and peaceful use of nuclear energy.

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Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT)

The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty bans all nuclear explosion tests on Earth. It needs eight key countries to ratify before entry into force.

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Tlatelolco Treaty

The Tlatelolco Treaty prohibits Latin American states from acquiring, possessing, developing, testing or using nuclear weapons, and prohibits other countries from storing and deploying nuclear weapons on their territories.

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Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW)

The Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW) bans the use, possession, testing, and transfer of nuclear weapons under international law.

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Venezuela Overview

Fact Sheet

Venezuela Overview

Overview of Venezuela's nuclear, chemical, biological, and missile capabilities and nonproliferation activities.

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