Vietnam is not known to have ever developed biological, chemical, or nuclear weapons. Since the Vietnam War, it has been vocal in supporting the complete elimination of chemical weapons and signed the Chemical Weapons Convention in 1993. Vietnam possesses a limited missile arsenal but does not indigenously produce them.
See Vietnam's preformance in
Region East Asia and the Pacific
2013 High enriched uranium reserves transferred to Russia
18 million Gallons of Agent Orange herbicide used by U.S. forces during Vietnam War
2010 Signed a 123 bilateral nuclear cooperation agreement with the U.S.
- Is a member of Treaty of Bangkok, which established a nuclear weapons-free zone in Southeast Asia
- Has considered constructing a nuclear energy facility since 1995, but construction has not yet begun
- Adopted a nuclear energy law in 2008 to provide a legal framework for nuclear activities
- Has never possessed an offensive bioweapons capability
- Party to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety
- Purchased Russian-made anti-ship and land attack cruise missiles in 2015
- Possesses 2 surface-to-air missile systems
Overview of The CNS Missile and SLV Launch Databases
Tutorial on Missiles and Other WMD Delivery Systems
- Has never possessed an offensive chemical weapons capability and supports their universal elimination
- Was subjected to herbicide attacks from the U.S. between 1962 and 1971, though these are not considered chemical weapons by the OPCW
Overview of Vietnam's nuclear, chemical, biological, and missile capabilities and nonproliferation activities.
U.S. Nuclear Cooperation as Nonproliferation: Reforms, or the Devil You Know?
NTI Nuclear Materials Security Index: Building a Framework for Assurance, Accountability and Action