Flag for Pakistan Pakistan

Kundian Nuclear Complex-1 (KNC-1)

  • Location
    Kundian, NW region of Punjab Province; Approximately 200km SW of Islamabad
  • Type
    Nuclear-Fuel Fabrication
  • Facility Status

Want to dive deeper?

Visit the Education Center


The Kundian Nuclear Complex-1 (KNC-1) is located adjacent to the CHASNUPP-1 and CHASNUPP-2 facilities. 1 The facility has been manufacturing fuel for the KANUPP reactor in Karachi since Canada halted its supply of heavy water and fuel to Pakistan in the late 1970s. 2 According to the International Atomic Energy Agency, the KNC-1 facility has a 20-ton capacity. 3


International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
IAEA: Founded in 1957 and based in Vienna, Austria, the IAEA is an autonomous international organization in the United Nations system. The Agency’s mandate is the promotion of peaceful uses of nuclear energy, technical assistance in this area, and verification that nuclear materials and technology stay in peaceful use. Article III of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) requires non-nuclear weapon states party to the NPT to accept safeguards administered by the IAEA. The IAEA consists of three principal organs: the General Conference (of member states); the Board of Governors; and the Secretariat. For additional information, see the IAEA.


  1. David Albright and Paul Brannan, “Chashma Nuclear Site in Pakistan with Possible Reprocessing Plant,” Institute for Science and International Security, 18 January 2007, www.isis-online.org; Central Intelligence Agency, “Pakistan’s Nuclear Weapons Program: Personnel and Organizations,” September 1999, www.foia.cia.gov.
  2. Global Fissile Material Report 2010, Chapter 10, International Panel on Fissile Materials, December 2010, www.fissilematerials.org; International Atomic Energy Agency, “Pakistan,” IAEA Country Nuclear Profiles, 2009 Edition, http://pub.iaea.org.
  3. International Atomic Energy Agency, Country Nuclear Fuel Cycle Profiles, Second Edition, IAEA Technical Reports Series No. 425, 2005, pp. 63-65, www.iaea.org.


My Resources