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National Standards and Calibration Laboratory

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In March 2005, The U.S. Commerce Department’s Bureau of Industry and Security added the National Standards and Calibration Laboratory (NSCL) to a “list of entities whose activities pose a risk of diverting exported and re-exported items into programs related to weapons of mass destruction.” 1 Two years later, the U.S. Department of the Treasury sanctioned the NSCL under Executive Order 13382. 2 However, the U.S. government has not released any more specific information about this organization’s activities.


WMD (weapons of mass destruction)
WMD: Typically refers to nuclear, biological, or chemical weapons, though there is some debate as to whether chemical weapons qualify as weapons of “mass destruction.”
Punitive measures, for example economic in nature, implemented in response to a state's violation of its international obligations.


  1. “Three Entities Targeted by Treasury for Supporting Syria’s WMD Proliferation,” U.S. Department of the Treasury, 4 January 2007, www.ustreas.gov.
  2. “U.S. Blacklists Syrian Outfits Over WMD Charges,” AFP, 4 January 2007.


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