Rosenergoatom was originally established by presidential decree on 7 September 1992 to manage the national nuclear power industry. 1 In 2001, Rosenergoatom subsumed all of Russia’s civilian nuclear power reactors and became a utility, and in 2008 the nuclear power plant operator became an open joint stock company and subsidiary of Atomenergoprom. Today it continues to manage Russia’s nuclear power reactors, including 16 light water reactors (VVER), 15 high power channel reactors (RBMK), and one fast neutron reactor. 2
Rosenergoatom has responsibilities relating to all major aspects of nuclear power plant development and operation. The company attracts investment; constructs, operates, and decommissions plants; coordinates the financial activity involved in operating plants; cooperates in international nuclear safety initiatives; and sells electricity. Rosenergoatom has 10 reactors under construction as of 2013. 3
Rosenergoatom has a history of cooperation with international organizations such as the IAEA, the World Association of Nuclear Operators, and the World Nuclear Association. Key international partnerships include the U.S. AREVA NP, France’s EDF, and the Ukrainian NAEC “Energoatom.” Rosenergoatom participates in international nuclear safety and security programs, as well as scientific and technical cooperation initiatives. 4
- Nuclear energy
- Nuclear energy: The energy liberated by a nuclear reaction (fission or fusion), or by radioactive decay.
- Nuclear power plant
- Nuclear power plant: A facility that generates electricity using a nuclear reactor as its heat source to provide steam to a turbine generator.
- International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
- IAEA: Founded in 1957 and based in Vienna, Austria, the IAEA is an autonomous international organization in the United Nations system. The Agency’s mandate is the promotion of peaceful uses of nuclear energy, technical assistance in this area, and verification that nuclear materials and technology stay in peaceful use. Article III of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) requires non-nuclear weapon states party to the NPT to accept safeguards administered by the IAEA. The IAEA consists of three principal organs: the General Conference (of member states); the Board of Governors; and the Secretariat. For additional information, see the IAEA.
- "История концерна" History of the Concern, ОАО «Концерн Росэнергоатом» OJSC “Rosenergoatom”, www.rosenergoatom.ru.
- "Nuclear Power in Russia," World Nuclear Association, April 2014, www.world-nuclear.org.
- "World Nuclear Power Reactors & Uranium Requirements," World Nuclear Association, 1 April 2014, www.world-nuclear.org.
- "Международная деятельность" International Activity, ОАО «Концерн Росэнергоатом» OJSC “Rosenergoatom”, www.rosenergoatom.ru.