Bakhtaran Missile Base

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Last Updated: December 1, 2010
Other Name: Formerly Kermansha
Location: Kermanshah
Subordinate To: Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps
Size: Missile base, including underground facilities
Facility Status: Operational

Due to its strategic location in western Iran, the Bakhtaran missile base is a potential launching point for ballistic missiles against Israel, the Gulf States and Europe. [1] The Revolutionary Guard Corps defends the base with Hawk and SA-2 air defense batteries.[2] In 1985, Syrian missile experts assisted the Iranians in launching Shahab-1 missiles at Baghdad from the base. [3] Between 1994 and 2001, Iran allegedly launched several Scud attacks against the Mojahedin-e-Khalq organization in Iraq from Bakhtaran. [4] In 2006, the Revolutionary Guards Corps reportedly moved Shahab-3 missiles to the base. [5] According to the German news agency DDP, Iran might have conducted a Shahab-3 test from the base in 2006. [6]

Sources:
[1] Anthony H. Cordesman and Martin Kleiber, "Iran's Military and Warfighting Capabilities: The Threat in the Northern Gulf," Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington, DC, 2007, p. 97, www.csis.org.
[2] Anthony H. Cordesman and Martin Kleiber, "Iran's Military and Warfighting Capabilities: The Threat in the Northern Gulf," Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington, DC, 2007, p. 97, www.csis.org.
[3] Joseph S. Bermudez, Jr., "Iran's Missile Development," in The International Missile Bazaar: The New Supplier's Network, eds. William C. Potter and Harlan W. Jencks, (San Francisco, CA: Westview Press, 1994) p. 66.
[4] Iran's Ballistic Missile Capabilities: A Net Assessment, International Institute for Strategic Studies, (London: 2010), p. 119.
[5] "Iran Moving Shahab-3 Missiles," Jane's Missiles & Rockets, 8 March 2006, www.janes.com.
[6] "Report: Iran has Conducted Four Missile Tests in 2006," BBC Worldwide Monitoring, 15 February 2006, www.missilethreat.com.

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