Shahroud Missile Test Site

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Last Updated: August 23, 2013
Other Name: Emamshahr; Shahrood; Shâhrûd; Shahrud; Emâmshahr; Emamrud; Emâmrûd; Emamrud; Shahrud
Location: Shahroud, Tehran province
Subordinate To: Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps
Size: Unknown
Facility Status: Unknown

Iran constructed the Shahroud missile test facility in the late 1980s with Chinese and North Korean assistance, and it has remained the main test facility for the Shahab missile series. [1] In July 1998, Iran launched the first, apparently unsuccessful, test flight of a Shahab-3 missile from the site. [2] In August 2013, Jane's Intelligence Review reported that over the past three years, Iran had completed an intensive construction program at the site, including "a launch tower and pad, an area to prepare rockets for launch and an administration and support section." Iranian officials claim the site will be used for Iran's burgeoning space program. Jane's editor Matthew Clements, however, noted that "imagery analysis of the Shahrud site suggests it will be a strategic facility used to test ballistic missiles." [3]

Sources:
[1] John W. Garver, China and Iran: Ancient Partners in a Post-Imperial World (Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press, 2006), p. 187; David Makovsky, "North Korean Missiles 'Due to Arrive in Iran this Month'," The Jerusalem Post, 5 December 1993, www.jpost.com; Evgeniy P. Bazhanov, "Military-Strategic Aspects of the North Korean Nuclear Program," in The North Korean Nuclear Program: Security, Strategic and New Perspectives From Russia, eds. James C. Moltz and Alexandre Y. Mansourov, (New York: Routledge, 1999), pp. 101-109 and p. 104.
[2] Gary Samore, Iran's Strategic Weapons Programmes: A Net Assessment (London: The International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2005), p. 101.
[3] "Iran has new rocket site, ballistic missile tests possible: report," Reuters, 8 August 2013, www.reuters.com.

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