National Engineering and Scientific Commission (NESCOM)

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Last Updated: September 26, 2011
Other Name: N/A
Location: Islamabad
Subordinate To: Strategic Planning Directorate (SPD) [1]
Size: 16,000 employees [2]
Facility Status: Active

Founded in 2000, the National Engineering and Scientific Commission (NESCOM) administers several Pakistani defense development programs, including the National Defense Complex (NDC) and the Air Weapons Complex (AWC). [3] NESCOM oversees a total staff of 16,000 employees and its overarching mission is to promote Pakistani “proficiencies in nuclear and ballistic missile development and production” with a “focus on developing conventional military hardware for the Pakistani military and export markets.” [4][5] According to defense analyst Usman Shabbir, NESCOM and the NDC continue to drive Pakistan’s missile program as of 2008. [6]

Andrew Koch considers NESCOM’s establishment an indication of the strong priority placed on missile development in Pakistan’s R&D strategy. [7] Under NESCOM oversight, the NDC contributed to the development of the intermediate-range Ghauri-3 missile and Pakistan’s first cruise missile, the Hatf-7/Babur. [8][9] NESCOM also oversaw the AWC during the development of the Ra’ad air-launched cruise missile. [10]

Sources:
[1] Nuclear Black Markets: Pakistan, A.Q. Khan and the Rise of Proliferation Networks – A Net Assessment, (London: The International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2007), p. 111.
[2] “CESAT – About Us,” NESCOM – Pakistan’s Premier Research and Development Organization, accessed 1 February 2011, www.cesat.gov.pk.
[3] Nuclear Black Markets: Pakistan, A.Q. Khan and the Rise of Proliferation Networks – A Net Assessment, (London: The International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2007), p. 111.
[4] “CESAT – About Us,” NESCOM – Pakistan’s Premier Research and Development Organization, accessed 1 February 2011, www.cesat.gov.pk.
[5] Andrew Koch, “Pakistan’s Softer Approach,” Jane’s Defence Weekly, 11 July 2001.
[6] Usman Ansari, “Pakistan Pushes To Improve Missile Strike Capability,” DefenseNews, 17 November 2008, www.defensenews.com.
[7] Andrew Koch, “Pakistan’s softer approach,” Jane’s Defence Weekly, 11 July 2001.
[8] “Pakistan Tests Ballistic Missiles,” Jane’s Missiles and Rockets (Surrey), 1 July 2004, www.janes.com.
[9] “Pakistan Tests 500 km-range Cruise Missile,” Jane’s Missiles and Rockets (Surrey), 1 October 2005.
[10] Usman Ansari, “Pakistan Pushes To improve Missile Strike Capability,” DefenseNews, 17 November 2008, www.defensenews.com.

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