International safeguards are measures to verify that countries comply with their international obligations not to use nuclear materials for nuclear explosives.
Through safeguards and monitoring agreements and protocols, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is an integral security component of the international nuclear system. However, the constantly changing nature of the international nuclear fuel cycle environment presents persistent challenges to the existing system of rules and norms governing behavior. These challenges have exposed critical gaps in the existing international safeguards system, while new approaches are proving successful in Iran under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA).
By building a more comprehensive and collaborative dialogue with the IAEA and other countries, NTI will help identify areas to implement dormant authorities and develop a vision for post-Additional Protocol IAEA safeguards. We will substantively augment the work of other NTI projects (Fuel Cycle of the Future and Developing Spent Fuel Strategies) to create a comprehensive, proliferation-resistant nuclear fuel cycle that is backstopped with appropriate and effective safeguards and monitoring measures.