Special Report

Innovating Verification Overview

Innovating Verification Overview

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This report is a summary of NTI's four-report series, Innovating Verification: New Tools & New Actors to Reduce Nuclear Risks. It includes a foreword by NTI Co-Chairman and CEO Sam Nunn and key project findings and recommendations across report topics. It also includes the executive summaries from the other three reports:

  • Verifying Baseline Declarations of Nuclear Warheads and Materials analyzes how baseline declarations can contribute to near- and long-term arms control and non-proliferation goals and how to verify them without compromising sensitive information.
  • Redefining Societal Verification explores how advances in information technologies, big data, social media analytics, and commercial satellite imagery can supplement existing verification efforts by governments and increase contributions from outside experts.
  • Building Global Capacity considers the value of expanded international participation in the verification of nuclear arms reductions and how this participation can increase confidence in nuclear threat reduction efforts among all states.

To request print copies, send an e-mail to [email protected]. Visit nti.org/innovatingverification for the full report series.

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What Is Safeguards Effectiveness?


What Is Safeguards Effectiveness?

The term “safeguards effectiveness” means the effectiveness of IAEA verification—that is, the ability of the IAEA to detect non-compliance.


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