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A Roadmap to Minimize and Eliminate Highly Enriched Uranium

A Roadmap to Minimize and Eliminate Highly Enriched Uranium

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Andrew Bieniawski
Miles Pomper

Senior Research Associate, The James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies

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Highly enriched uranium (HEU)—one of the key ingredients for nuclear weapons—is one of the most dangerous materials on the planet. Since 1992, the international community removed and eliminated thousands of kilograms of HEU, converted HEU-fueled reactors to use low-enriched uranium (LEU), and promoted the adoption of LEU alternatives for medical isotope production. Despite significant progress, the work to reduce—and ultimately eliminate—HEU is far from finished. This paper lays out a roadmap with five pathways to ending civilian HEU use and to beginning the necessary research and development to minimize and ultimately eliminate HEU for naval use, with specific recommendations that countries can undertake prior to the 2016 Nuclear Security Summit.

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The Case for Highly Enriched Uranium-Free Zones

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The Case for Highly Enriched Uranium-Free Zones

A call for the creation of regional HEU-Free Zones, whereby countries may not possess or allow for the transfer of HEU within their territory. (CNS)



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The NTI Nuclear Security Index

The NTI Index is recognized as the premier resource and tool for evaluating global nuclear and radiological security.


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