Turkey Flag for Turkey

Country Spotlight

Neighbor to multiple current and former proliferators of WMDs, Turkey has relied on its NATO membership to guarantee its security. Although Turkey is a non-nuclear weapon state member of the NPT in good standing, Turkey’s president has made occasional public mentions of the country’s right to develop and acquire nuclear weapons.

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Region   Middle East and North Africa

~50 U.S. B61 nuclear bombs stored at Incirlik Air Base

6 Countries importing Turkish-made unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs)

280 km Range of Bora-1 short-range ballistic missile

5th Article of North Atlantic Treaty agrees to collective defense of Turkey against WMDs


  • Hosts U.S. nuclear weapons as part of NATO nuclear sharing mission
  • Calls to remove U.S. nuclear weapons from Incirlik Air Base have increased in recent years
  • Construction of a Russian-financed nuclear power plant at Akkuyu began in 2018

Turkey Nuclear Overview


  • Member of the Australia Group for chemical and biological strategic trade
  • No known biological weapons pursuits


  • Possesses a limited ballistic missile arsenal
  • 2017 deal to purchase a S-400 missile defense system from Russia
  • Removed from the U.S.’s F-35 pilot training program as a result of 2017 missile defense deal with Russia


  • No known chemical weapons pursuits
  • Denies accusations of white phosphorus use during the Syrian Civil War

Treaties and Regimes Memberships

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The NPT is a treaty aimed at limiting the spread of nuclear weapons through the three pillars of non-proliferation, disarmament, and peaceful use of nuclear energy.

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North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

NATO was founded in 1949 and has 28 Alliance Members. Its member countries are committed to sharing the risks and responsibilities as well as the benefits of collective security.

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Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC)

The Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) requires countries to destroy all chemical weapons and prohibits developing, stockpiling, or using chemical weapons.

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Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT)

The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty bans all nuclear explosion tests on Earth. It needs eight key countries to ratify before entry into force.

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