Turkey Flag for Turkey

Country Spotlight

Neighbor to multiple current and former proliferators of WMDs, Turkey has relied on its NATO membership to guarantee its security. Although Turkey is a non-nuclear weapon state member of the NPT in good standing, Turkey’s president has made occasional public mentions of the country’s right to develop and acquire nuclear weapons.

See Turkey's preformance in

Region   Middle East and North Africa

~50 U.S. B61 nuclear bombs stored at Incirlik Air Base

6 Countries importing Turkish-made unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs)

280 km Range of Bora-1 short-range ballistic missile

5th Article of North Atlantic Treaty agrees to collective defense of Turkey against WMDs


Nuclear

  • Hosts U.S. nuclear weapons as part of NATO nuclear sharing mission
  • Calls to remove U.S. nuclear weapons from Incirlik Air Base have increased in recent years
  • Construction of a Russian-financed nuclear power plant at Akkuyu began in 2018

Turkey Nuclear Overview


Biological

  • Member of the Australia Group for chemical and biological strategic trade
  • No known biological weapons pursuits


Missile

  • Possesses a limited ballistic missile arsenal
  • 2017 deal to purchase a S-400 missile defense system from Russia
  • Removed from the U.S.’s F-35 pilot training program as a result of 2017 missile defense deal with Russia


Chemical

  • No known chemical weapons pursuits
  • Denies accusations of white phosphorus use during the Syrian Civil War

Treaties and Regimes Memberships

See all Treaties & Regimes

NPT

The NPT is a treaty aimed at limiting the spread of nuclear weapons through the three pillars of non-proliferation, disarmament, and peaceful use of nuclear energy.

Learn More

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

NATO was founded in 1949 and has 28 Alliance Members. Its member countries are committed to sharing the risks and responsibilities as well as the benefits of collective security.

Learn More

Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC)

The Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) requires countries to destroy all chemical weapons and prohibits developing, stockpiling, or using chemical weapons.

Learn More

Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT)

The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty bans all nuclear explosion tests on Earth. It needs eight key countries to ratify before entry into force.

Learn More

Facilities

See All Facilities


Analysis

Turkey


More Analysis

Education Center

Extensive resources on nuclear policy, biological threats, radiological security, cyber threats and more.

Explore the Center

Close

My Resources