United Arab Emirates Flag for United Arab Emirates

Country Spotlight

The United Arab Emirates does not have nuclear, chemical, or biological weapons programs, but does possess ballistic and cruise missiles. The UAE operates the first nuclear power plant on the Arabian Peninsula, and its civil nuclear cooperation agreement with the U.S. is considered the “Gold Standard” for nonproliferation.

See the UAE's performance in

Region   Middle East and North Africa

3 Reactor units operational at Barakah nuclear power plant

$10 million Donated to the IAEA Low Enriched Uranium (LEU) Bank in Kazakhstan

2 THAAD air and missile defense batteries deployed


Nuclear

  • Signed $20 billion deal with South Korea for procurement of 4 nuclear reactors, the first of which began commercial operation in April 2021
  • Signed “Gold Standard” 123 agreement with U.S. in 2009, permanently relinquishing pursuit of enrichment and reprocessing capabilities
  • Strong supporter of peaceful nuclear energy, signed the IAEA’s Additional Protocol


Biological

  • Prime Minister announced in 2005 that UAE hoped to become the Middle East’s biotech hub
  • Built a Biotechnology & Research Park in Dubai in 2010 that houses companies like Pfizer and Amgen
  • Ratified the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention in 2008


Missile

  • In January and February 2022, intercepted Houthi ballistic missiles strikes; first successful operational uses of THAAD system
  • Purchased Black Shaheen cruise missiles from France and the UK, and 100 ATACMS ballistic missiles from the U.S.
  • Acquired Scud B ballistic missiles from North Korea in late 1980s; current status unclear


Chemical

  • Operates large chemical industrial sector in Chemicals Industry City in Abu Dhabi
  • Ratified the Chemical Weapons Convention in 2000
  • Does not possess a chemical weapons program

Treaties and Regimes Memberships

See all Treaties & Regimes

NPT

The NPT is a treaty aimed at limiting the spread of nuclear weapons through the three pillars of non-proliferation, disarmament, and peaceful use of nuclear energy.

Learn More

Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC)

The Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) requires countries to destroy all chemical weapons and prohibits developing, stockpiling, or using chemical weapons.

Learn More

Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material (CPPNM)

The Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material (CPPNM) focuses on the physical protection of peaceful use of nuclear materials

Learn More

Biological Weapons Convention (BWC)

The BTWC mandates the elimination of existing biological weapons and prohibits developing, stockpiling, or using biological and toxin weapons.

Learn More

Facilities

See All Facilities


Analysis

United Arab Emirates

Diverse Voices in International Security: Tiffany Blanchard-Case on Mentorship, Collaboration, and Working to Expand Opportunities in the Nuclear Field

Atomic Pulse

Diverse Voices in International Security: Tiffany Blanchard-Case on Mentorship, Collaboration, and Working to Expand Opportunities in the Nuclear Field

For Black History Month, Jupiter Huang, NTI’s communications intern, had the opportunity to ask Tiffany Blanchard-Case, director of the Office of Nuclear Material Removal and Elimination at the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), about the importance of mentorship and her advice for young people interested in working on nuclear issues.


More Analysis

Education Center

Extensive resources on nuclear policy, biological threats, radiological security, cyber threats and more.

Explore the Center

Close

My Resources