The Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL) was established in 1970 to undertake the manufacture of guided missiles. The company has four units, out of which three are located in Telangana State (Hyderabad, Bhanur and Ibrahimpatnam) and one Andhra Pradesh (Visakhapatnam). The BDL started off with the production of anti-tank missiles under license from France and Russia; it is now the prime production agency for missiles developed by the Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO). The company has a design and engineering division for developing and upgrading products required by India’s armed forces. BDL has grown steadily. It currently employs about 2,674 people and its annual turnover reached $323 million during the year 2021-22.
BDL started off with the production of the first-generation SSIIBI anti-tank guided missiles (ATGM) under license from M/s Aerospatiale (France) in the 1970s. In the 1980s, the company switched to manufacturing the Milan and Konkurs ATGMs along with their launchers under license from France and the former Soviet Union successively.
- The BDL also manufactures other products such as flame launchers and missile simulators. The company is now the main production site of DRDO’s Prithvi and Agni ballistic missiles. The BDL will also be the future production site for DRDO’s other proposed missile systems, namely, the Akash and Trishul surface-to-air missiles and the Nag ATGM.
- Ballistic missile
- A delivery vehicle powered by a liquid or solid fueled rocket that primarily travels in a ballistic (free-fall) trajectory. The flight of a ballistic missile includes three phases: 1) boost phase, where the rocket generates thrust to launch the missile into flight; 2) midcourse phase, where the missile coasts in an arc under the influence of gravity; and 3) terminal phase, in which the missile descends towards its target. Ballistic missiles can be characterized by three key parameters - range, payload, and Circular Error Probable (CEP), or targeting precision. Ballistic missiles are primarily intended for use against ground targets.
 “Defence Production and Supplies,” Ministry of Defence Annual Report (2000-2001: Government of India, New Delhi), pp. 57-58.
 “Defence Production and Supply,” Indian Armed Forces, www.indianarmedforces.com.
 “Bharat Dynamics Limited,” Department of Defence Production & Supplies: Ministry of Defence, pp. 121, 266, www.defstand.gov.in.
 “Bharat Dynamics Limited,” www.indiapublicsector.com.
 Bharat Dynamics Limited, “Company Profile,” Ministry of Defence, December 9, 2022, bdl-india.in.
 Bharat Dynamics Limited, “52nd Annual Report 2021-22,” Ministry of Defence, October 2022, bdl-india.in.