The Shahid Bakeri Industrial Group (SBIG) produces a variety of solid-fueled artillery rockets, including the North Korean-designed Fajr rocket series and the Fateh-110 missile. 1 According to IISS, SBIG “is believed to have assumed responsibility for solid propellant production in Iran in the mid-1990s.” 2 Christoph Bluth asserts that Russian engineers assisted SBIG in the production of long-range solid-fueled missiles. 3
SBIG is the target of both UN and U.S. sanctions. In 2006, the U.S. Department of the Treasury sanctioned four Chinese companies that allegedly provided SBIG with financial, material and technological support. 4 Additionally, the Treasury Department froze the assets of Mehrdada Akhlaghi Ketabachi, head of SBIG, pursuant to Executive Order 13382. 5
- Punitive measures, for example economic in nature, implemented in response to a state's violation of its international obligations.
- “Testimony of Pat O’Brien, Assistant Secretary, Office of Terrorist Financing and Financial Crimes, U.S. Department of the Treasury, before the Senate Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs,” Washington, DC, 22 June 2006, www.ustreas.gov.
- Iran’s Ballistic Missile Capabilities: A Net Assessment, The International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2010, p. 49.
- Christoph Bluth, Korea (Basingstoke, United Kingdom: Polity, 2008), p. 165.
- “Treasury Designates U.S. and Chinese Companies Supporting Iranian Missile Proliferation,” U.S. Department of the Treasury, 13 June 2006, www.ustreas.gov.
- “Treasury Designates Iranian Proliferation Individuals, Entities,” U.S. Department of the Treasury, 8 July 2008, www.ustreas.gov.