Pakistan Ordnance Factories (POF)

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Last Updated: September 27, 2011
Other Name: N/A
Location: Wah Cantt
Subordinate To: Ministry of Defence Production [1]
Size: Over 40,000 personnel, 14 complexes [2]
Facility Status: Active

The Pakistan Ordnance Factories (POF), Pakistan’s largest defense supplier and industrial complex, is a conglomerate consisting of fourteen factories that are central to Pakistan’s conventional arms production. [3] The fourteen factories specialize in munitions ranging from materials such as steel and tungsten, to propellants and explosives, to tanks, artillery, machine guns, and uniforms.

While primarily engaged in conventional arms production, Rodney Jones et al. assessed that the POF may also be a site for the final assembly of nuclear payloads onto their delivery systems. [4]

[1] “About Us,” Pakistan Ordnance Factories, accessed 2 February 2011,
[2] “Wah – Pakistan Special Weapons Facilities,”, accessed 2 February 2011.
[3] “Pakistan Ordnance Factories,” Pakistan Ordnance Factories, accessed 2 February 2011,
[4] Rodney W. Jones, Mark G. McDonough, Toby Dalton and Gregory Koblentz, Tracking Nuclear Proliferation: A Guide in Maps and Charts (Washington, DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 1998), p.145.

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This material is produced independently for NTI by the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey and does not necessarily reflect the opinions of and has not been independently verified by NTI or its directors, officers, employees, or agents. Copyright 2019.