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Establishing a Theoretical Foundation for Measuring Global Health Security

Establishing a Theoretical Foundation for Measuring Global Health Security

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Beenish Pervaiz

Program Associate, Global Biological Policy and Programs

NTI Vice President Elizabeth Cameron and NTI | bio experts Michelle Nalabandian and Beenish Pervaiz co-authored an article published in BMC Public Health,Establishing a theoretical foundation for measuring global
health security: a scoping review
.”  The article, written with colleagues at the
Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security, examined academic literature to
identify evidence, as well as practice-based indicators and proxies, for
measuring health security at the country level. The authors developed four key
principles that are important for measuring health security capacity.  Key among these is the need to measure broader
factors in health security assessments, including core public health,
healthcare, and biosecurity capabilities, as well as consideration of national social,
political, and environmental risks.

Following the
2014–2016 West Africa Ebola epidemic and the launch of the Global Health
Security Agenda, the global health and international security communities have
placed a greater priority on measuring health security capacity, identifying
gaps, and financing improvements.  In
addition, recent outbreaks of Ebola, influenza, the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome,
and the Zika virus, have illustrated the importance of understanding the impact
of factors such as a country’s health system and political, social, and
environmental risks on epidemic preparedness.  Regular and transparent tracking of the
evolution of these and other health security capacities over time in all
countries could help eliminate sources of health insecurity.

The results of this scoping review are informing
development of a
Global Health Security Index (GHS Index), which will provide the first
comprehensive assessment and benchmark of health security and related
capabilities across 195 countries.  The GHS
Index will be a valuable tool for highlighting current needs by individual
countries and boosting compliance with international standards for epidemic
preparedness.


Read the full article here.

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