Belarus gained independence following the 1991 collapse of the Soviet Union and inherited a nuclear weapons infrastructure. It transferred all remaining nuclear weapons to Russia by 1996. Today, Belarus is a close ally of Russia who participated in Russia’s 2022 invasion of Ukraine. In February 2022, Ukraine amended its constitution to allow Russia to deploy nuclear weapons on Belarussian territory.
See Belarus' preformance in
Region Former Soviet Union
Article 18 Until 2022, enshrined Belarus's non-nuclear status.
1992 Transferred all Soviet chemical weapons back to Russia
1st Nuclear power plant currently under construction
- 2022 constitutional change renounced Belarus's non-nuclear status
- Possesses 230 kg of highly-enriched uranium (HEU); talks to repatriate HEU to Russia collapsed in 2011
- Joined the NPT as a non-nuclear weapons state in July 1993
- Has never possessed an offensive biological weapons program
- Did not inherit any major missile production or design facilities from the Soviet Union
- Collaborates with Russia on missile design, production, and defense
- Began producing Polonez, a short-range multiple-launch missile system, in 2017 with the help of China
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