Belarus gained independence following the 1991 collapse of the Soviet Union and inherited a nuclear weapons infrastructure. It transferred all remaining nuclear weapons back to Russia by 1996, and today possesses no WMDs. Belarus maintains a close defense relationship with Russia, and the two have shared a missile defense system since 2016.
See Belarus' preformance in
Region Former Soviet Union
81 Road-mobile SS-25s inherited after the fall of the USSR
1992 Transferred all Soviet chemical weapons back to Russia
1st Nuclear power plant currently under construction
- Possessed an unknown number of tactical nuclear weapons after the fall of the USSR
- Possesses 230 kg of highly-enriched uranium (HEU); talks to repatriate HEU to Russia collapsed in 2011
- Joined the NPT as a non-nuclear weapons state in July 1993
- Has never possessed an offensive biological weapons program
- Did not inherit any major missile production or design facilities from the Soviet Union
- Collaborates with Russia on missile design, production, and defense
- Began producing Polonez, a short-range multiple-launch missile system, in 2017 with the help of China
Tutorial on Missiles and Other WMD Delivery Systems
The CNS Global Missile Defense Engagements Database
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