Indonesia Flag for Indonesia

Country Spotlight

Indonesia does not possess nuclear, chemical, or biological weapons programs, but it does possess an arsenal of air-to-air and surface-to-air missiles. Indonesia signed the NPT as a non-nuclear weapon state in 1970 and has since been a strong advocate for peaceful uses of nuclear technology.

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Region   East Asia and the Pacific

3 Nuclear research reactors operated in Indonesia

36 AMRAAMS purchased from US in 2016

2016 Year Indonesia down-blended its stockpile of HEU


  • Operates three nuclear research reactors through its nuclear energy agency, BATAN
  • Attempted to pursue nuclear power in the 1990s, but safety concerns due to earthquakes and volcanic eruptions halted the proposals
  • Strong proponent of peaceful uses of nuclear technology for non-nuclear weapon states


  • Does not possess a biological weapons program
  • Operates bioterrorism and biodefense facilities
  • Ratified the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC) in 1992


  • Does not possess ballistic missiles
  • Possesses air-to-air and surface-to-air missiles
  • Acquired inventory of anti-ship missiles from China and France


  • No evidence to suggest a chemical weapons program
  • Law of the Republic of Indonesia on the Use of Chemical Materials and the Prohibition of Chemical Materials as Chemical Weapons enacted in 2008
  • Ratified the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) in 1998

Treaties and Regimes Memberships

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The NPT is a treaty aimed at limiting the spread of nuclear weapons through the three pillars of non-proliferation, disarmament, and peaceful use of nuclear energy.

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Bangkok Treaty

The SEANWFZ Treaty (Bangkok Treaty) preserves Southeast Asia as a Nuclear Weapon-Free Zone and free from weapons of mass destruction.

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Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)

Created in 1961, NAM has sought to “create an independent path in world politics that would not result in member States becoming pawns in the struggles between the major powers.”

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Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW)

The Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW) bans the use, possession, testing, and transfer of nuclear weapons under international law.

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