Although Israel has possessed nuclear weapons since the 1960’s, it maintains a policy of nuclear opacity, never officially confirming the existence of its nuclear program. Accordingly, Israel has never signed the NPT. Israel manufactures and deploys a diverse range of technologically sophisticated ballistic missile, cruise missile and missile defense systems.
See Israel's preformance in:
Region Middle East and North Africa
90 Estimated nuclear warheads
~980 kg Approximate plutonium stockpile
3 Dolphin 2-class submarines, believed capable of launching nuclear cruise missiles
6,500 km Maximum ballistic missile range
- Believed to possess enough nuclear material to produce 200 nuclear weapons
- No declared nuclear weapons tests, but believed to have conducted atmospheric test in cooperation with South Africa in 1979
- Opposes diplomatic efforts to establish a WMD Free Zone in the Middle East
- Non-membership in BTWC and lack of public commentary has led to speculation of offensive weapons capabilities
- Operates sophisticated biodefense program
- Adopted export controls on biological materials in line with Australia Group standards
- Domestically produces variety of missiles including sea-launched cruise missiles as well as short and long range ballistic missiles
- Employs sophisticated multi-layered missile defense system, Iron Dome
- Considered “unilateral adherent” to the MTCR restrictions on missile exports
- Evidence suggests development of an extensive chemical weapons program in the 1950s
- Likely possesses capability to produce nerve agents, including binary agents
- Maintains active chemical weapons defense program
APLN’s Chung-in Moon Sees Possibility for Lasting Peace on Korean Peninsula
APLN's Chung-in Moon Sees Possibility for Lasting Peace on Korean Peninsula
Extensive resources on nuclear policy, biological threats, radiological security, cyber threats and more.
Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, SIPRI Yearbook 2020: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security, 44th ed, Oxford University Press, 2020. p 375.
International Panel on Fissile Materials, “Global Fissile Material Report 2013,” 2013, https://fissilematerials.org/library/gfmr13.pdf
National Security Council, Memorandum, “Subject: South Atlantic Nuclear Event,” October 22, 1979 (Washington, DC, 1979), p. 1.
Avner Cohen, “Israel and Chemical/Biological Weapons: History, Deterrence, and Arms Control,” The Nonproliferation Review, Fall/Winter 2001, p. 40.
Magnus Normark, Anders Lindblad, Anders Norqvist, Björn Sandström, and Louise Waldenström, “Israel and WMD: Incentives and Capabilities,” (Umeå: FOI — Swedish Defence Research Agency, 2005), pp. 36-40.