Nuclear Disarmament Kazakhstan
NPT Non-nuclear Weapon State
Formerly Possessed Nuclear Weapons
- Kazakhstan possesses no nuclear weapons.
- Kazakhstan formerly had 1,410 Soviet strategic nuclear warheads placed on its territory and an undisclosed number of tactical nuclear weapons.
- One of the Soviet Union's two major nuclear test sites was located at Semipalatinsk, where at least 460 nuclear tests took place.
Estimated Destructive Force
Progress in Disarmament
- Kazakhstan transferred all of its Soviet-era nuclear weapons to the Russian Federation by April 1995. 
- The Semipalatinsk nuclear test site was officially closed in 1991, and the scientific and technical facilities at the site are in the process of being converted to peaceful uses. Work completed from 1996 to 2001 resulted in the closure of 13 unused test holes and 181 tunnels at the test site. 
Nuclear Weapon Related Policy
- State party to the NPT, CTBT, START I, and ratified the Lisbon Protocol to START I. 
- Signatory to the Central Asia Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone.
 Joseph Cirincione, Jon B. Wolfsthal, Miriam Rajkumar, Deadly Arsenals: Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Threats, (Washington, DC, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2005), p. 368.
 Joseph Cirincione, Jon B. Wolfsthal, Miriam Rajkumar, Deadly Arsenals: Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Threats, (Washington, DC, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2005), p. 365.
 "The Soviet Union's Nuclear Testing Programme," Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO), www.ctbto.org.
 Tom Collina, "The Lisbon Protocol at a Glance," Arms Control Association, July 2008, www.armscontrol.org.
 IAEA Director General Yukiya Amano, "Statement to Conference for a Nuclear-Weapons-Free World," Astana, 12 October 2011, www.iaea.org; "Semipalatinsk Revisited: Old Nuclear Test Site Sets New Course," International Atomic Energy Agency, 31 August 2006, www.iaea.org.
 "STS Nuclear Infrastructure Elimination and Conversion," National Nuclear Center of the Republic of Kazakhstan, old.nnc.kz.
 "Inventory of International Nonproliferation Organizations and Regimes: Kazakhstan," James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies, updated 18 November 2011, cns.miis.edu.
 NWFZ Clearinghouse, James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies, cns.miis.edu.
This material is produced independently for NTI by the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Monterey Institute of International Studies and does not necessarily reflect the opinions of and has not been independently verified by NTI or its directors, officers, employees, or agents. Copyright © 2013 National Journal Group, Inc., 600 New Hampshire Ave., N.W., Washington, DC 20037.
The Nuclear Disarmament Resource Collection contains information and analysis of nuclear weapons disarmament proposals and progress worldwide, including detailed coverage of disarmament progress in countries who either possess or host other countries' nuclear weapons on their territories.
This article provides an overview of Kazakhstan’s historical and current policies relating to nuclear, chemical, biological and missile proliferation.
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