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Nuclear Disarmament Ukraine


Warhead of Missile SS-24
«Scalpel» (RS-22A, «Molodets»)
Michael A., picasaweb.google.com

Arsenal Size

  • Ukraine does not possess nuclear weapons. [1]
  • Ukraine had 1,900 Soviet strategic nuclear warheads and between 2,650 and 4,200 Soviet tactical nuclear weapons deployed on its territory at the time of independence in 1991. [2] 176 Soviet ICBMs were located in Ukraine (130 SS-19 ICBMs and 46 SS-24 ICBMs), and 44 strategic bombers. [3]

Destructive Power

  • N/A

Progress in Disarmament


SS-24 Missile Silo, Strategic
Missile Forces Museum, Ukraine,
Michael A., picasaweb.google.com

  • By 1996, Ukraine transferred all Soviet-era strategic warheads to Russia. [4]
  • Ukraine received extensive assistance to dismantle ICBMs, ICBM silos, heavy bombers, and cruise missiles from the U.S. funded Cooperative Threat Reduction Program. ICBM silos were destroyed by 2002, ICBMs were dismantled or transferred to Russia, and heavy bombers were eliminated by 2001. [5]
  • Former President Yanukovych announced at the 2010 Nuclear Security Summit that Ukraine would remove all of its HEU by 2012. [6] The Ministry of Foreign Affairs confirmed in March 2012 that all of the HEU had been transferred to Russia. [7]
  • Some countries (mainly the United States and other NATO members) argue that recent Russian aggression, including the annexation of Crimea, violates the Budapest Memorandum that led to Ukraine renouncing the nuclear weapons on its territory following the dissolution of the Soviet Union and joining the NPT as a non-nuclear weapon state. Ukraine remains committed to the NPT regime. [8]


Soviet Oscar class cruise
missile submarine launches 2
SS-N-19 cruise missiles
(drawing), www.defenseimagery.mil

Nuclear Weapons Related Policies

State Party to:

Humanitarian Stance

Ukraine supports the Austria-led Humanitarian Initiative, which calls for the complete elimination of nuclear weapons as an assurance that they will not be used "under any circumstances." [10] The alternative Australia-led Initiative does not use such language. [11]

Sources:
[1] Joseph Cirincione, Jon B. Wolfsthal, Miriam Rajkumar, Deadly Arsenals: Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Threats, (Washington, DC, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2005), p. 373.
[2] Joseph Cirincione, Jon B. Wolfsthal, Miriam Rajkumar, Deadly Arsenals: Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Threats, (Washington, DC, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2005), p. 373.
[3] Joseph Cirincione, Jon B. Wolfsthal, Miriam Rajkumar, Deadly Arsenals: Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Threats, (Washington, DC, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2005), p. 373.
[4] Hans M. Kristensen, Alicia Godsberg, Jonathon Garbose, "Ukraine Special Weapons," Nuclear Information Project: Federation of American Scientists, www.fas.org .
[5] Joseph Cirincione, Jon B. Wolfsthal, Miriam Rajkumar, Deadly Arsenals: Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Threats, (Washington, DC, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2005), pp. 378-379.
[6] "NNSA Achieves Milestone in Removal of HEU from Ukraine," National Nuclear Security Administration, 31 December 2010, nnsa.energy.gov.
[7] Pavel Podvig, "Ukraine removed all HEU from its territory," International Panel on Fissile Materials, 22 March 2012, www.fissilematerials.org.
[8] "Statement by the Representative of the Delegation of Ukraine," First Committee of the 69th Session of the General Assembly of the United Nations, October 10, 2014, www.statements.unmeetings.org.
[9] Inventory of International Nonproliferation Organizations and Regimes: Ukraine, James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies, www.nonproliferation.org; Treaty between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on Strategic Offensive Reductions (START I), Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI), www.nti.org.
[10] "Joint Statement on the Humanitarian Consequences of Nuclear Weapons," Statement by the Federal Minister for Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs of Austria, Reaching Critical Will, April 28, 2015, www.reachingcriticalwill.org.
[11] "Statement on the Humanitarian Consequences of Nuclear Weapons," Statement by the Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Australia to the United Nations, Reaching Critical Will, April 30, 2015, www.reachingcriticalwill.org.

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This material is produced independently for NTI by the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Monterey Institute of International Studies and does not necessarily reflect the opinions of and has not been independently verified by NTI or its directors, officers, employees, or agents.

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The Nuclear Disarmament Resource Collection contains information and analysis of nuclear weapons disarmament proposals and progress worldwide, including detailed coverage of disarmament progress in countries who either possess or host other countries' nuclear weapons on their territories.

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Ukraine

This article provides an overview of the Ukraine's historical and current policies relating to nuclear, chemical, biological and missile proliferation.

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