Treaties & Regimes

Below you will find information on treaties, organizations, and regimes relating to disarmament, arms control, and nonproliferation of weapons of mass destruction. Information on each treaty or organization includes relevant full text documents, country memberships, an analytical overview, and a chronology tracking ongoing work and related developments. All entries are updated regularly, as events warrant. This material was prepared for the NTI site by the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies.

Treaties Regimes

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BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS

MULTILATERAL

CHEMICAL WEAPONS

BILATERAL

  • India-Pakistan Agreement on Chemical Weapons

    The Agreement provides for the complete prohibition of chemical weapons in India and Pakistan, and requires both countries to make a commitment to not develop, possess or use chemical weapons.

MULTILATERAL

REGIONAL

  • Mendoza Agreement

    The Mendoza Agreement, signed in 1991, was an agreement between Argentina, Brazil, and Chile which never entered into force. The Parties agreed not to develop, produce, acquire, stockpile or retain, transfer, or use chemical or biological weapons.

CONVENTIONAL WEAPONS

MULTILATERAL

  • Arms Trade Treaty (ATT)

    The Arms Trade Treaty obligates Parties to regulate ammunition or munitions fired, launched, or delivered by enumerated conventional arms, including battle tanks, combat vehicles, missiles, missile launchers, and small arms. Parties must also regulate export of parts and components that may assemble these conventional arms.

  • Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE)

    The CFE Treaty established an agreement aimed at reducing the possibility for major offensive operations in Europe through the reduction of troops and armaments in Central Europe.

  • Treaty on Open Skies

    The Treaty on Open Skies is an international agreement in which States Parties are given authorization to conduct unarmed observation flights over the territories of other States Parties.

NUCLEAR SAFETY

MULTILATERAL

NUCLEAR WEAPONS

BILATERAL

MULTILATERAL

NWFZS

PROPOSED MULTILATERAL

  • Proposed Fissile Material (Cut-off) Treaty (FMCT)

    The proposed treaty is intended to prohibit the production of fissile material. It has been on the proposed agenda of the Conference on Disarmament for many years, but the CD has not been able to establish a committee to begin formal negotiations because states disagree on the scope of the future treaty.

  • Proposed Internationally Legally-Binding Negative Security Assurances (NSAs)

    NSAs are the promise of nuclear-weapon States not to use or threaten nuclear weapons against non-nuclear-weapon States.

  • Proposed Nuclear Weapons Ban Treaty

    The proposed nuclear weapons ban is an initiative to prohibit the use, possession, development, testing, deployment and transfer of nuclear weapons under international law.

  • Proposed Nuclear Weapons Convention (NWC)

    The proposed NWC, modeled on the CWC and BTWC, is intended to prohibit the development, testing, production, transfer, use and threat of use of nuclear weapons by all parties.

  • Proposed Prevention of an Arms Race in Space (PAROS) Treaty

    A PAROS treaty would build on the efforts of the 1967 Outer Space Treaty to preserve space for peaceful uses by committing States Parties to refrain from placing objects carrying any type of weapon into orbit, installing weapons on celestial bodies, and threatening to use force against objects in outer space.

SPACE ARMS CONTROL

MULTILATERAL