China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology (CALT)

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Last Updated: February 1, 1994
Other Name: 中国运载火箭技术研究院; First Academy of the China Aerospace Corporation (CASC); Chinese Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology; China Carrier Rocket Technology Research Institute; China Launching Vehicle Technology Research Institute; Aerospace 1st Academy
Location: Beijing, China
Subordinate To: China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC)
Size: Employs more than 30,000 personnel in 8 research institutes [1]
Facility Status: Active

China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology (CALT) was established in 1957 and is one of the nine design academies under the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC). [2]

CALT is China's largest and most important organization for the research, development and production of space launch vehicles (SLVs), liquid-fueled surface-to-surface missiles, and solid-fueled surface-to-surface and submarine-launched ballistic missiles, among which is the Long March (Chang Zheng) family of rocket. [3] Long March-series rockets are often used by CASC to launch telecommunications satellites and manned spacecraft. In June 2012, a Long March-2F rocket supported the successful launch of the Shenzhou-9 manned spacecraft from Jiuquan Space Launch Center. [4] CALT produces the Dong Feng (DF)-1 and DF-2 short-range ballistic missiles, the DF-3 medium-range ballistic missile, the DF-4 intermediate-range ballistic missile, and the DF-5 intercontinental ballistic missile. [5]

CALT was established as a civilian corporate successor to the Beijing Wanyuan Industry Corporation (BWYIC). It assisted BWYIC in developing the M-series ballistic missiles. CALT was sanctioned in August 1993 as a subsidiary of CASC by the United States for Chinese missile-related sales to Pakistan. [6]

According to the company, the following organizations are under CALT: [7]

  • Management Department of the Institute Headquarters
  • Science and Technology Committee
Research, Production Facilities
  • Center of Research and Development
  • Beijing Institute of Aerospace System Engineering
  • Beijing Institute of Near Space Flight Vehicle Systems Engineering
  • Beijing Aerospace Automatic Control Institute
  • Beijing Long March Space Vehicle Research Institute
  • Beijing Institute of Space Launch Technology
  • Beijing Research Institute of Precise Mechatronic Controls
  • Beijing Long March Aerospace Technology Information Institute
  • Beijing Aerospace Institute for Metrology and Measurement Testing
  • Beijing Institute of Structure and Environment Engineering
  • Aerospace Research Institute of Materials and Processing Technology
  • Capital Aerospace Machinery Company
  • Changzhi Qinghua Machinery Factory
  • Tianjin Long March Space Rocket Manufacturing Company
  • Logistics Center
  • Beijing Hangtian Wanyuan Keji Company (Beijing Aerospace Wanyuan Technology Company)
  • Aerospace Wanyuan Industrial Company
  • The General Hospital of Beijing Aerospace
  • News Center
  • Long March Institute
Holding Companies
  • China Energine International (Holdings), Ltd.
  • Changzheng Engineering Co., Ltd. (Originally named: Beijing Aerospace Wanyuan Coal Chemical Engineering Technology Ltd.)
  • China Asia-Pacific Mobile Telecommunications Satellite Co., Ltd.

[1] “关于我们 [About Us],” China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology,
[2] “关于我们 [About Us],” China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology,
[3] “China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology - CALT,” Jane’s Information Group, 19 July 2011; Mark Stokes with Dean Cheng, “China’s Evolving Space Capabilities: Implications for U.S. Interests,” Project 2049 Institute, 26 April 2012, p. 17.
[4] “China Transfers Rocket to Launch Centre,” BBC Monitoring Asia Pacific, 10 May 2012; “Shenzhou-9 Launch ‘Successful’ - China Official,” BBC Monitoring Asia Pacific, 16 June 2012.
[5] Mark A. Stokes, “China's Strategic Modernization: Implications for US National Security,” Project 2049 Institute, September 1999, p. 87.
[6] Howard Olrik DeVore, “China’s Aerospace and Defence Industry,” Jane’s Information Group, December 2000, p. 406.
[7] “组织结构 [Organizational Structure],” China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology,

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