Kaiga Atomic Power Station

View All India Facilities

Last Updated: September 1, 2003
Other Name: formerly Kaiga Atomic Power Project [KAPP]
Location: Uttar Kannada, Karnataka, India
Subordinate To: Department of Atomic Energy (DAE)
Size: Two Pressurized Heavy Water Reactors (PHWRs), 220MWe each
Facility Status: Operational

The Kaiga Atomic Power Station is located in the Uttara Kannada district of Karnataka. The plant services India's southern grid and provides power to five states (Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Pondicherry). The power station currently operates two PHWRs, the second of which (Unit-2) began commercial operations on 16 March 2000. Unit-1, which was originally delayed by a construction mishap in 1994, became operational on 16 November 2000. The facilities fall under the direction of the Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL), which operates a total of 14 reactors. Two additional 220MWe PHWRs are currently being constructed at the power station. By 2002, excavations for the reactors had been completed and steam generators for Unit-3 had already arrived. Unit-3 is expected to begin commercial operations in March 2007 and Unit-4 should enter service in September 2007.

As of 28 February 2003, the Kaiga Atomic Power Station had produced a cumulative generation of 7,881 million units (MUs) since it began commercial operations. While Unit-1 generated 3,489 MUs of this total, Unit-2 accounted for 4,392 MUs. The PHWRs are not under International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards.

[1] "Annual Report 2001, Table III: Facilities Under Agency Safeguards or Containing Safeguarded Material on 31 December 2001," International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), www.iaea.org.
[2] DAE (Government of India), Annual Report 2001-2002, "Executive Summary," www.dae.gov.in.
[3] Department of Atomic Energy (Government of India), "Kaiga Atomic Power Station," www.dae.gov.in.
[4] Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL), "Kaiga Atomic Power Station," www.npcil.org.
[5] "Kaiga on Course," Frontline Online Edition, Vol. 16, Issue 16, 31 July-13 August 1999, www.frontlineonnet.com.
[6] CANDU Owners Group Inc., "Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL)," www.candu.org.
[7] Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL), "Unit-1 of Kaiga Atomic Power Project Synchronized to Grid," 12 October 2000, www.npcil.org.

Country Profile
Flag of India

This article provides an overview of India’s historical and current policies relating to nuclear, chemical, biological and missile proliferation.

Learn More →

This material is produced independently for NTI by the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey and does not necessarily reflect the opinions of and has not been independently verified by NTI or its directors, officers, employees, or agents. Copyright 2019.