No. 398 Research Institute

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Last Updated: March 1, 2003
Other Name: 제398연구소; No. 398 Institute; No. 398 Factory
Location: Sŏg'am-ri (석암리), P'yŏng'wŏn-kun (평원군), South P'yŏng'an Province (평안남도), North Korea
Subordinate To: Command Section (지휘부), Nuclear Chemical Defense Bureau (핵화학방위국), General Staff Department (인민군총참모부), Ministry of People's Armed Forces (인민무력부)
Size: Approximately 250 researchers
Facility Status: Unknown

The No. 398 Research Institute conducts research on antidotes and protective gear and masks. The institute then provides the results of its research and development to the No. 279 Factory for production. According to defector Yi Chung Kuk, many of the researchers at the No. 398 Institute received their training at the Hamhŭng University of Chemical Industry (함흥화학공업대학). Yi Chung Kuk, a defector who claims to have served with the 18th Battalion, has diagrammed the locations of the No. 398 Research Institute as below in the "Sŏg'am-ri Recruit Training Center Facilities."


1. Sŏg'am-ri Reservoir
2. Direction of P'yŏng'wŏn
3. Mobile repair facility area
4. Factory No. 279
5. 1st Company, 18th Nuclear Chemical Defense Battalion
6. 4th Company, 18th Nuclear Chemical Defense Battalion
7. 5th Company, 18th Nuclear Chemical Defense Battalion
8. Fuel storage, garage
9. Tunnel
10. Ordinance warehouse
11. Chemical storage
12. 3rd Company, 18th Nuclear Chemical Defense Battalion
13. 6th Company, 18th Nuclear Chemical Defense Battalion, and education hall
14. 2nd Company, 18th Nuclear Chemical Defense Battalion
15. Vehicle repair facility
16. Mess hall
17. Command section
18. Communications facility
19. Dispensary
20. Food warehouse
21. Exercise grounds
22. Guardhouse
23. Institute No. 398
24. Windbreak trees
25. Sŏg'am-ri, P'yŏng'wŏn county, South P'yŏng'an Province
26. Windbreak trees
[Note: 27 is not numbered, but is referred to by the arrow in the lower right-hand corner (순안), the direction of Sun'an.]
28. Chemical complex
29. Sŏg'am-ri, Recruit Training Center Facilities

[1] Yi Ch'ung Kuk, "Assignment to Antinuclear/Antiatomic Analysis Team," in the book [Kim Chong-il's Nuclear Weapons and Army] Kin Seinichi no Kaku to Guntai in Japanese, 21 September 1994, pp. 101-10.
[2] Pukhan Haek-Missile Chŏnjaeng Chang Chun Ik, (Seoul: Sŏmundang, 1999), pp. 359-360.
[3] "Puk Haekhwahakpang'wiguk: Haeksaenghwahangmugi Ch'ongjihwi," Segye Ilbo, 21 May 1997, p. 17, in KINDS,
[4] Various sources, in "Profile of DPRK University, Link to WMD," FBIS Document ID KPP20000907000105.
[5] Lee Chae Sŭng, "Pukhan Kwahag'ŭi Isanggwa Hyŏnshil," Chapter Three in Pukhan'ŭl Umjiginŭn Technocrat (Seoul: Ilbit, August 1998), pp. 123-174, in "Chemical Engineering, Experts Described," 23 December 1999, FBIS Document ID: FTS19991223001168).
[6] Ch'oe Yŏng Jae, "Mi'gug'ŭi Pukhan Saenghwahangmu'gi Appak Chŏllyak," Shindonga, January 2002,
[7] Choe Yong-chae, Shindonga, January 2002, pp. 300-313, in "US Strategy Pressuring DPRK on Biological, Chemical Weapon," FBIS Document ID: KPP20011220000016.

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