Hunan Space Bureau

View All China Facilities

Last Updated: October 1, 1997
Other Name: Hunan Space Agency; 068 Base; 湖南航天管理局; 中国航天科工集团68 基地; 7801 Institute
Location: Changsha, Hunan Province
Subordinate To: China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation (CASIC)
Size: 6,000 persons and 2 billion RMB in capital [1]
Facility Status: Active

The Hunan Space Bureau was created in 1970 and was originally located in Shaoyang, Hunan Province, but since 1993 is located in Changsha, Hunan Province. The organization is a subsidiary of the China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation (CASIC). According to its website, the organization was merged with the 7801 Institute in March 2010, in order to “develop its capacity in the manufacture of military products and systems [成熟的军品研制体系].” [2] The Hunan Space Bureau has research links regarding near-space systems with the Russian Federation via a contract agreed upon in December 2010. [3]

The Hunan Space Bureau’s work is centered on outer space, near-space vehicles, and missile systems their ground-based systems as well as related component construction. In 2005, the organization formed a research center focusing on near-space system applications. [4] It specializes in near-space reconnaissance vehicles. Hunan Space Bureau products include the JK-5, JK-12 and JKZ-20 airships. [5]

In 2011, the company’s profits numbered 54.26 million RMB and in that same year exported $27,090,000 worth of goods and services internationally. [6]

The Hunan Space Bureau has multiple subsidiaries, including: [7]

  • The 7801 Research Institute that conducts research and design for missile control systems. It may also be a supersidiary of the Advanced Materials and Equipment Development Center at the Hunan Space Bureau;
  • The Near Space Flight Vehicle Development Center which conducts research and design for near-space aircraft;
  • The Hunan Space Magnet Co., Ltd. which conducts design and manufacture for magnetized components of satellites;
  • The 7803 Factory, also known as the Hunan Taishan Mechanical Factory that manufactures diamond-based components;
  • The 7804 Factory, also known as the Huaxing Electromechanical Instruments Factory, which manufactures automated arrays;
  • The 7807 Factory;
  • The 7809 Factory that manufactures “task-specific” vehicles;
  • The 7861 Factory, also known as the Zhujiang Instrument Factory or the Hunan Space Satellite Communication Co., Ltd., which manufactures electronics;
  • And, the Hunan Aerospace Information Co., Ltd., which provides information technology services.

Sources:
[1] “Workplace Introduction [单位简介],” China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation 068 Base (Hunan Space Bureau) [中国航天科工集团〇六八基地 (湖南航天管理局)], www.hnhtj.com.
[2] “Products and Services [产品和服务],” China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation 068 Base (Hunan Space Bureau) [中国航天科工集团〇六八基地 (湖南航天管理局)], www.hnhtj.com.
[3] Mark A. Stokes and Dean Cheng, “China’s Evolving Space Capabilities: Implications for U.S. Interests,” Prepared for: the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission, Project 2049 Institute, 26 April 2012.
[4] Mark Stokes, “China’s Evolving Conventional Strategic Strike Capability: The Anti-Ship Ballistic Missile & Beyond,” Project 2049 Institute, 14 September 2009.
[5] Mark A. Stokes and Dean Cheng, “China’s Evolving Space Capabilities: Implications for U.S. Interests,” Prepared for: the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission, Project 2049 Institute, 26 April 2012.
[6] “Workplace Introduction [单位简介],” China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation 068 Base (Hunan Space Bureau) [中国航天科工集团〇六八基地 (湖南航天管理局)], www.hnhtj.com.
[7] Mark Stokes, “China’s Evolving Conventional Strategic Strike Capability: The Anti-Ship Ballistic Missile & Beyond,” Project 2049 Institute, 14 September 2009.

Country Profile
Flag of China
China

This article provides an overview of China’s historical and current policies relating to nuclear, chemical, biological and missile proliferation.

Learn More →

This material is produced independently for NTI by the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey and does not necessarily reflect the opinions of and has not been independently verified by NTI or its directors, officers, employees, or agents. Copyright 2017.