Cairo University

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Last Updated: October 1, 2009
Other Name: N/A
Location: Cairo, Egypt
Subordinate To: Ministry of Higher Education
Size: Largest number of nuclear-related teaching programs and students in Egypt
Facility Status: Open enrollment

Cairo University is Egypt's most important university for nuclear related teaching. The school offers postgraduate courses in nuclear reactors and radiation physics, and has a strong connection with Egypt's Atomic Energy Authority (AEA). [1] The Gize and Fahoum branches operate several nuclear relevant divisions, including the faculty of engineering and the department of physics. The Mechanical Power Engineering Department offers related courses, including nuclear power plant operation and nuclear physics. [2]

In response to U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower's 1953 Atoms for Peace speech, Egypt established its first nuclear physics course at Cairo University. [3] Between the late 1970s and early 1990s, scientists from Cairo University took part in uranium conversion research at the nuclear chemistry building at Inshas. The scientists, working at the Nuclear Research Building at the Nuclear Research Center at Inshas, also conducted studies into the chemical exchange process as a method of uranium isotope enrichment. In the studies, the scientists slightly increased the isotope ratio of U-235 above that of natural uranium. [4] Egypt was cited by the IAEA in 2005 for its historical failure to disclose this research. [5]

Sources:
[1] James M. Acton and Wyn Q. Bowen, "Atoms for Peace in the Middle East: The Technical and Regulatory Requirements," NPEC Working Paper Series, 2008, p. 17.
[2] Judith Perera, "Nuclear Industry of Egypt," March 2003, p. 27, www.opensource.gov.
[3] Judith Perera, "Nuclear Industry of Egypt," March 2003, p. 1, www.opensource.gov.
[4] Yana Feldman, Mary Beth Nikitin, and Jack Boureston, "Egyptian nuclear non-disclosures cause concern," Jane's Intelligence Review, 1 April 2005, www.janes.com.
[5] IAEA, "Implementation of the NPT Safeguards Agreement in the Arab Republic of Egypt: Report by the Director General," 14 February 2005, p. 3, www.carnegieendowment.org.

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This material is produced independently for NTI by the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey and does not necessarily reflect the opinions of and has not been independently verified by NTI or its directors, officers, employees, or agents. Copyright 2017.