|Last Updated:||February 1, 2011|
|Other Name:||Factory 81|
|Subordinate To:||Ministry of Military Production |
|Facility Status:||Operational, no longer involved in missile production|
Built in 1949, the Heliopolis Company for Chemical Industries was Egypt's first state-owned weapons production plant.  During the 1960s, as a component of the Egyptian General Aero Organization, it was involved in the design, development and production of rocket fuels and warhead explosives for the al-Kahir, al-Zafir and al-Ra'id ballistic missiles.  It currently manufactures a wide range of mortars and artillery, tank, and air defense ammunition. 
 Hammam Nasr, "Egypt: Military Factories," International Market Insight, 1998, www.fas.org.
 Andrew Rathmell, "Egypt's Military-Industrial Complex," Jane's Intelligence Review 6, No. 10, 1 October 1994, www.janes.com.
 "Egypt: Production Capability," Jane's CBRN Assessments, 5 December 2008, www.janes.com.
 "Egypt, Land systems sector at heart of industry base," Jane's Defense Weekly, Vol. 34, No. 2, 12 January 2000.