Israel Aerospace Industries Ltd. (IAI), System Missiles & Space Group, MLM Division

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Last Updated: January 1, 2011
Other Name: Formerly, Israel Aircraft Industries Ltd.
Location: Ben Gurion International Airport, Israel
Subordinate To: Israel Ministry of Defense
Size: Multiple factories; approximately 16,000 employees in the entire company [1]
Facility Status: Operational

IAI's Systems Missiles and Space Group branch conducts all of its manufacturing operations at the Yehud industrial site, except for the MLM division located at Be'er Yaakov. [2] The MLM division serves as the principal contractor for the Arrow Weapon System, and is responsible for the interceptor missiles, launchers, and launcher controls. [3] MLM division also manufactures the Jericho family of ballistic missiles.

Production

In conjunction with France, IAI developed the Jericho I or YA-1, a two-stage SRBM, during the early 1960s. [4] Jane's speculates that as of 2010, the Jericho I missiles are no longer in service. [5] IAI subsequently developed the Jericho II or YA-3 in the mid-1970s, possibly in cooperation with Iran and South Africa, deploying it beginning in the 1990s. [6] Jane's reports that IAI is currently working on developing the Jericho III, with a deployment date scheduled for 2010. [7]

MLM is also the primary contractor for the Shavit Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV), [8] cooperating on some elements of the system with Israel Military Industries (IMI) and Rafael. [9] According to IAI, the Shavit SLV launches OFEQ reconnaissance satellites into orbit. [10]

Missile Defense

MLM is developing a follow-on to its currently deployed Arrow II interceptors, known as the Arrow III, which is slated to be capable of traveling higher, farther, and faster than its predecessor. [11] Israel anticipates deploying the Arrow III system by 2014. [12]

Israel Military Industries and Boeing jointly develop and manufacture the Arrow Weapon System. IAF and IAI primarily test the Arrow Weapon System at the Palmachim site, but have also conducted launches off the coast of California. [13] Reportedly, the United States spent more than $1 billion on the development of the Arrow system from 1988 to 2002. [14] The U.S. Department of Defense continues to appropriate tens of millions of dollars each year to both the Arrow II and Arrow III systems and undertakes joint test exercises with Israel. [15] However, Arrow is not part of the current U.S. Ballistic Missile Defense System. [16] A 2006 CRS Report asserts that the U.S. Army has expressed disinterest in using the Arrow system. [17]

Sources:
[1] Susan T. Jackson and the SIPRI Arms Industry Network, "The SIPRI Top 100 Arms-Producing Companies, 2008," Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, 26 May 2010, www.sipri.org.
[2] "Systems Missiles and Space Group: About Us," Israel Aerospace Industries, 18 March 2010, www.iai.co.il.
[3] "Arrow Weapon System," Israel Aerospace Industries, 25 March 2010, www.misile-iai.com.
[4] Gerald Steinberg, "Israel: Case Study for International Missile Trade and Nonproliferation Project," in The International Missile Bazaar: The New Suppliers Network, eds. William Potter and Harlan Jencks (Boulder: Westview Press, 1993), pp. 235-253.
[5] "Jericho 1/2/3 (YA-1/YA-3)," Jane's Strategic Weapon Systems, 3 August 2009.
[6] "Jericho 1/2/3 (YA-1/YA-3)," Jane's Strategic Weapon Systems, 3 August 2009.
[7] "MLM Division Product Lines," Israel Aerospace Industries Ltd., 22 March 2010, www.iai.co.il.
[8] "World Space Guide - Shavit," Space Policy Project, 13 April 2010, www.fas.org.
[9] "Satellite Launchers: SHAVIT," Israel Aerospace Industries Ltd., 13 April 2010, www.iai.co.il.
[10] Gerald Steinberg, "Israel: Case Study for International Missile Trade and Nonproliferation Project," in The International Missile Bazaar: The New Suppliers Network, eds. William Potter and Harlan Jencks (Boulder: Westview Press, 1993), pp. 235-253.
[11] Jeremy M. Sharp, "U.S. Foreign Aid to Israel," Congressional Research Service, 4 December 2009, www.fas.org.
[12] Yaakov Katz, "Israel puts its missile systems to the test," Jane's Defence Weekly, 1 April 2010.
[13] "Anti-ballistic missile misses target in second test off California in recent weeks," Associated Press, 26 August 2004.
[14] Clyde R. Mark, "Israel: U.S. Foreign Assistance," Congressional Research Service, 26 April 2005, www.fas.org.
[15] Jeremy M. Sharp, "U.S. Foreign Aid to Israel," Congressional Research Service, 4 December 2009, www.fas.org.
[16] "The Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS)," Missile Defense Agency, accessed 26 May 2010, www.mda.mil.
[17] Clyde R. Mark, "Israel: U.S. Foreign Assistance," Congressional Research Service, 26 April 2005, www.fas.org.

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