San'ŭm-ri Chemical Weapons Storage Site

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Last Updated: April 1, 2003
Other Name: 산음리화학무기저장소; Sanum-ni Chemical Weapons Storage Facility; North Sanumni Chemical Weapons Storage Site; South Sanumri Chemical Weapons Storage Site; Sanum-ri Northern Chemical Weapons Storage Facility
Location: Pyongyang (평양시) area, North Korea. Sources report that this facility is in "San'ŭm-ri (山陰里)," but "San'ŭm-ri" is not found on modern maps. One possibility is that "San'ŭm-ri" is a reference to an old name during the Japanese colonial period that no longer exists. There were two places called "San'ŭm-ri" in Yŏkp'o-kuyŏk and "Sun'an-kuyŏk" of present day Pyongyang.
Subordinate To: Maram and Chiha-ri Materials Corporations (마람・지하리자재상사), Department of Materials (기재부), the Nuclear Chemical Defense Bureau (핵화학방위국), General Staff Department (인민군총참모부), Ministry of People's Armed Forces (인민무력부)
Size: Unknown
Facility Status: Unknown

This facility reportedly has "northern" and "southern" sites, but it is unclear whether they are collocated or separate facilities. The northern site includes storage facilities both underground and above ground, storage tanks, and a plant for processing chemicals. The southern site has delivery vehicles for chemical agents, storage facilities both underground and above ground, storage tanks, and a vehicle maintenance facility.

Sources:
[1] Kim Wŏn Pong, Kitachosenjimingun no zenbo (Tokyo: Ariadone Kikaku, 1996), p. 127;
[2] Kim Won-pong, Kitachosen jinmingun no zensho [sic] (Tokyo: Ariadone Kikaku, 1996), p. 127, in "DPRK Factories Suspected of Producing Chemical Agents," FBIS Document ID: KPP20010216000106;
[3] Osamu Eya, Kimu Jon Iru Daizukan (Tokyo: Shogakkan, 2000), pp. 64-65;
[4] Osamu Eya, Kimu Jon Iru Daizukan (Tokyo: Shogakkan, 2000), pp. 64-65, in "Alleged Locations of DPRK Nuclear, Biological, Chemical Warfare Facilities Mapped," 6 June 2001, FBIS Document ID: KPP20010606000075.

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This material is produced independently for NTI by the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey and does not necessarily reflect the opinions of and has not been independently verified by NTI or its directors, officers, employees, or agents. Copyright 2017.