|Last Updated:||December 13, 2012|
|Other Name:||General Armaments Department (GAD) Base 25; Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center (TSLC); Wuzhai Space and Missile Test Center; Wuzhai Range/Missile Test Center; Wuzhai IRBM Test Complex; Taiyuan Space Center (TSC)|
|Location:||Taiyuan, Shanxi Province|
|Subordinate To:||People’s Liberation Army General Armaments Department (GAD)|
|Size:||Two primary carrier rocket launch pads and other associated facilities|
The Taiyuan Space Launch Center (TSLC) tests and launches ballistic missiles, carrier rockets, reconnaissance and meteorological satellites, and microsatellites.  The U.S. Intelligence Community refers to the TSLC as the Wuzhai Missile and Space Centre, but Wuzhai County is 284 kilometers away from TSLC, which is based in Kelan County.  The TSLC was established in 1967 to launch rockets and missiles too large for the Jiuquan Space Launch Center (JSLC).  TSLC has modern ground control and guidance facilities, as well as spacecraft and carrier rocket testing and preparation facilities. 
Missiles tested at TSLC include the DF-21 and DF-3 medium-range ballistic missiles (MRBMs), and the DF-5 and DF-31 intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs).  TSLC also conducted initial tests for the Julang-1 (JL-1) sea-launched ballistic missile (SLBM). 
Additionally, TSLC launches carrier rockets including the Long March-2 (LM-2) and LM-4 series. TLSC supports both low- and medium- earth orbit launches. China’s first meteorological satellite, the Fengyun-1A (FY-1A), was launched from the center in September 1988.  Other satellites launched there include the Yaogan-1, Yaogan-5, Yaogan-6, Yaogan-10 and Yaogan-13 synthetic-aperture radar (SAR) reconnaissance satellites, the Naxing-1 (NS-1), KT-1PS and Xiwang-1 research microsatellites as well as the ZY-1 and ZY-3 utility satellites. 
 Mark A Stokes and Dean Cheng, “China’s Evolving Space Capabilities: Implications for U.S. Interests,” Project 2049 Institute, 26 April 2012, http://project2049.net.
 “Taiyuan Satellite Launch Centre,” Dragon in Space, 1 April 2012, www.dragoninspace.com.
 “中国的航天发射中心 [China’s Space Launch Centers],” Xinhua News Agency, 8 October 2003, www.news.xinhuanet.com; “Space Launch Sites Around the World,” Space Today Online, 2004, www.spacetoday.org.
 “Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center,” Launch Site, China Great Wall Industry Corporation, 2005, www.cgwic.com.
 “World Space Centers,” Rocket & Space Technology, 2000, www.braeunig.us.
 “Taiyuan Satellite Launch Centre,” Dragon in Space, 1 April 2012, www.dragoninspace.com; Mark A. Stokes, “The People’s Liberation Army and China’s Space and Missile Development: Lessons from the Past and Prospects for the Future,” in Laurie Burkitt, Andrew Scobell, Larry Wortzel, eds., The Lessons of History: The Chinese People’s Liberation Army at 75 (Strategic Studies Institute, 2003), www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil.
 “Space Launch Sites Around the World,” Space Today Online, 2004, www.spacetoday.org.
 Lin Zhi, ed., “Backgrounder: China’s Four Space Launch Bases,” Xinhua News Agency, 10 January 2010, www.news.xinhuanet.com.
 Mark Stokes, “China’s Evolving conventional Strategic Strike Capability: The Anti-ship Ballistic Missile Challenge to U.S. Maritime Operation in the Western Pacific and Beyond,” Project 2049 Institute, 14 September 2009, http://project2049.net; Mark A Stokes and Dean Cheng, “China’s Evolving Space Capabilities: Implications for U.S. Interests,” Project 2049 Institute, 26 April 2012, http://project2049.net.