|Last Updated:||September 1, 2003|
|Location:||Near Surat, Gujarat, India|
|Subordinate To:||Department of Atomic Energy (DAE)|
|Size:||Two Pressurized Heavy Water Reactors (PHWR), 220MWe each|
The Kakrapar Atomic Power Station (KAPS) is located near Surat in the state of Gujarat. KAPS currently operates two PHWRs, the first of which (Unit-1) began commercial operations on 6 May 1993. Unit-2 followed two years later in September 1995. The facilities fall under the direction of the Nuclear Power Corporation of India, Limited (NPCIL), which operates a total of 14 reactors. Although Unit-1 was temporarily shut down for 66 days in 1998 due to a leak in its stator water systems, on January 2003, it was declared the best performing PHWR of its class in the world by the CANDU Owners Group (COG). While the average gross capacity factor (GCF) for PHWRs worldwide was 83.3 percent from September 2001 to September 2002, KAPS' Unit-1 PHWR was rated as having a GCF of 98.4 percent during this time period. Unit-2 has also performed well and registered an annual capacity factor of 97.8 percent during 2001. A major earthquake in 2001 near Bhuj did not interrupt activities at KARP and both PHWRs continued to operate normally.
As of 28 February 2003, KARP's cumulative energy generation since its commercial start date was 24,892 million units (MUs). This included 12,926 MUs for the Unit-1 PHWR and 11,966 MUs for Unit-2. KARP is not currently under International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards.
 DAE (Government of India) Annual Report 1998-1999; p. 48.
 DAE (Government of India), "Annual Report 2001-2002".
 "India: Nuclear Infrastructure," Columbia International Affairs Online, www.ciaonet.org.
 "Kakrapar Atomic Power Station," Department of Atomic Energy (Department of Energy), www.dae.gov.in.
 "Kakrapar Atomic Power Station (KAPS)," Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL), www.npcil.org.
 "Karapar N-Plant is Safe and Operating," Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL), 27 January 2001, www.npcil.org.
 "Kakrapar-1: Becomes World's Best Performing PHWR," Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL), www.npcil.org.
 "Sensor Stop and Pusher Assemblies," Bhabha Atomic Research Center (BARC), www.barc.ernet.in.