Tianwan Nuclear Power Plant

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Last Updated: July 25, 2012
Other Name: 田湾核电站; Lianyungang Nuclear Power Plant; Jiangsu Nuclear Power Station
Location: Lianyungang City, Jiangsu Province, about 250 km north of Shanghai
Subordinate To: Jiangsu Nuclear Power Corporation (JNPC)
Size: Two operational reactors with four more planned
Facility Status: Phase I is Operational

On 30 December 1997, China and Russia signed a contract to jointly build the Tianwan Nuclear Power Plant. The original cost of the project was estimated at US $2.5 billion but the total cost approached US $3.2 billion, with China paying $1.8 billion of this. [1] The first phase installed two Russian VVER-91 1,000 MWe pressurized water reactors and was completed in 2007 with the help of Russian nuclear power equipment exporter Atomstroyexport. Tianwan’s Phase II includes plans for the construction of Units 3 and 4, which will feature the V-428 version of the VVER-1000 reactor. [2] Phase II will also be completed by Atomstroyexport and is scheduled to break ground in late 2012. [3] In 2009, Phase III received preliminary approval from the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), which includes the construction of Units 5 and 6. [4] In 2011, China Nuclear Power Engineering Co. (CNPE) and CNNC Jiangsu Nuclear Power Co. signed a contract for the construction of the two units. [5] In 2012, Jiangsu province and its relevant agencies began prep work for the construction Phase III. [6]

TVEL, the fuel company arm of Russia's Rosatom, has supplied Tianwan with fuel since its construction, but was only originally scheduled to deliver fuel for the first three fuel replacement cycles. However, in 2010 TVEL signed a $500M contract with Jiangsu Nuclear Power Corporation for the delivery of six further reloads of TVS-2M nuclear fuel. The contract also included the sale of “zirconium components needed for the Chinese manufacture (at Yibin Nuclear Fuel Component Plant) of UTVS fuel,” which will then be used for the 6th fuel reload of Tianwan Units 1 and 2. [7] Delivery of the Russian TVS-2M fuel is scheduled to take place by 2014. [8]

Tianwan’s Phase II construction will be constructed through a Sino-Russian bilateral arrangement between Atomstroyexport and Jiangsu Nuclear Power Corporation (JNPC). JNPC will be tasked with the design and supply of non-nuclear components and equipment for Units 3 and 4. [9] In June 2012, Russia and China signed a protocol for cooperation on constructing Phase II of the Tianwan Nuclear Power Plant. According to the Russian counterpart, construction will begin in late 2012. [10]

Phase I

Unit 1

Status - Operational
Date of Grid Connection - 12 May 2006
Net Capacity - 933 MWe
Reactor Type - Russian VVER-91 1,000 MWe [11]

Unit 2

Status - Operational
Date of Grid Connection - 14 May 2007
Net Capacity - 933 MWe
Reactor Type - Russian VVER-91 1,000 MWe [12]

Phase II

Unit 3

Status - Reactor construction is scheduled to begin in late 2012
Anticipated Capacity - 1,060 MWe
Reactor Type - V-428 version of the VVER 1,000 MWe pressurized water reactor (PWR) [13]

Unit 4

Status – construction scheduled to begin in late 2012
Anticipated Capacity - 1,060 MWe
Reactor Type - V-428 version of the VVER 1,000 MEe PWR

Phase III

Units 5 & 6

Status - Preliminary approval [14]
Anticipated Capacity – 1,060 MWe [15]

[1] “Nuclear Power in China; Operating Nuclear Plants,” World Nuclear Association, September 2011, www.world-nuclear.org.
[2] Reed Chris, “Russia to Begin Tianwan Nuclear Power Reactors Construction Next Year,” Nuclear Power Industry News, 27 September 2010.
[3] “Contractual Details Finalised for Tianwan Phase II,” World Nuclear News, 27 June 2011, www.world-nuclear-news.org.
[4] Wan Zhihong, “CNNC Gets Nod for Tianwan Phase III,” China Daily, 20 August 2009, www.chinadaily.com.cn.
[5] “EPC Contract for Tianwan Units 5 and 6 Was Signed in Beijing,” China National Nuclear Corporation, 10 March 2011, www.cnnc.com.cn.
[6] Office of Provincial Government, “江苏省‘十二五’能源发展规划的通知[Jiangsu Province ‘Twelve-Five’ Energy Development Planning Notification],” distributed by People’s Government of Jiangsu Province, 17 April 2012, www.jiangsu.gov.cn.
[7] “TVEL Signs Fuel Supply Agreements with China's JNPC and CNEIC,” Global Nuclear Power, 3 November 2010.
[8] “TVEL Fuel and Technological Sale,” Nuclear Exchange, KCI Publishing, 9 November 2010.
[9] “Russa, China to Build Two New Reactors at Tianwan Nuclear Power Plant,” Ria Novosti, 24 March 2010.
[10] Svetlana Andreyeva, “Russian-Chinese Projects Open Up New Vistas of Cooperation,” The Voice of Russia, 6 June 2012, www.english.ruvr.ru; “中俄签署合建田湾核电站议定书,俄称年底开建 [China and Russia Signed a Cooperation Agreement on the Construction of Tianwan Nuclear Power Plant],”North Star Nuclear Power News, 7 June 2012, www.hedian.bjx.com.cn; “Russia and China Signed the Road Map for Cooperation in Nuclear Energy,” The China Times, 6 June 2012, www.thechinatimes.cn.
[11] “Nuclear Power Reactor Details – TIANWAN 1,” IAEA Power Reactor Information System, www.iaea.org.
[12] “Nuclear Power Reactor Details – TIANWAN 2,” IAEA Power Reactor Information System, www.iaea.org.
[13] Energy World, “China-CNNC - Tianwan Nuclear Power Plant (Phase II),” 2 September 2010.
[14] “CNNC to Build Tianwan Phase III,” People’s Daily, 15 August 2009, http://english.peopledaily.com.cn.
[15] Wan Zhihong, “CNNC Gets Nod for Tianwan Phase III,” China Daily, 20 August 2009, www.chinadaily.com.cn.

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