Last Updated: March 1, 2011
Other Name: Pakistan Atomic Research Reactor 2
Location: Approximately 15km east of Rawalpindi
Subordinate To: Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology
Size: 27-30KW
Facility Status: Operational

The Pakistan Research Reactor 2 (PARR-2) is a 27-30KW miniature neutron-source (MNSR) research reactor located at and operated by the Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology (PINSTECH). [1] Supplied by China in 1989, the PARR-2 is fueled by one kilogram of highly enriched uranium (HEU). [2]

The PARR-2 has been used for radioisotope production, research in nuclear physics and nuclear engineering, and the training of nuclear reactor operators and students. [3] Although the decision faced some domestic opposition, the PARR-2 was placed under IAEA safeguards. [4] Pakistan's government argued that the decision was in conformity with the peaceful nature of Pakistan's nuclear program. [5]

[1] Pakistan Nuclear Regulatory Authority, "PARR-1,"; "Reactor PARR-2-Technical Data," IAEA Research Reactors Database,
[2] David Albright and Mark Hibbs, "China and Pakistan Collaborate on PARR-2," Nuclear Engineering International, December 1990, pp. 46-47.
[3] Global Fissile Material Report 2010, Chapter 10, International Panel on Fissile Materials, December 2010,; "Science and Technology: Improved Nuclear Research Reactor,'" BBC Summary of World Broadcasts, 20 November 1991.
[4] International Atomic Energy Agency, "Agreement of 10 September between the International Atomic Energy Agency and the Government of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan for the Application of Safeguards in Connection with the Supply of a Miniature Neutron Source Reactor from the People's Republic of China," INFCIRC 393, October 1991,
[5] "Imposition of Nuclear Safeguards Not Due to U.S. Pressure,'" BBC Summary of World Broadcasts, 15 December 1990.

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This material is produced independently for NTI by the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey and does not necessarily reflect the opinions of and has not been independently verified by NTI or its directors, officers, employees, or agents. Copyright 2019.