Kundian Nuclear Complex-2 (KNC-2)

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Last Updated: March 1, 2011
Other Name: Chashma Reprocessing Facility
Location: Kundian, NW region of Punjab Province; Approximately 200km SW of Islamabad
Subordinate To: Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC)
Size: Approximately 300m² lot
Facility Status: Unknown

The Kundian Nuclear Complex-2 is a reprocessing facility which France originally agreed to supply in the late 1970s. Although the French ended the contract in 1978, Pakistan was left with sufficient design plans to continue working on the facility, and French engineers continued construction until June 1979. [1] Construction apparently resumed in 2007, [2] and satellite imagery shows the facility may have been completed. [3] It is unknown if the facility is currently operational.

[1] Global Fissile Material Report 2010, Chapter 10, International Panel on Fissile Materials, December 2010, www.fissilematerials.org; Nuclear Black Markets: Pakistan, A.Q. Khan and the Rise of Proliferation Networks (International Institute for Strategic Studies: London, 2007).
[2] Shahid-ur-Rehman Khan, "Pakistan nuclear reprocessing plant may yield weapons-grade plutonium – Kyodo," BBC Worldwide Monitoring, 7 May 2007.
[3] David Albright and Paul Brannan, "Chashma Nuclear Site in Pakistan with Possible Reprocessing Plant," Institute for Science and International Security, 18 January 2007, www.isis-online.org.

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This material is produced independently for NTI by the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey and does not necessarily reflect the opinions of and has not been independently verified by NTI or its directors, officers, employees, or agents. Copyright 2019.