Khushab Tritium Production Facility

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Last Updated: March 1, 2011
Other Name: N/A
Location: Khushab District, Punjab; Approximately 200km SW of Islamabad
Subordinate To: Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC)
Size: Approximately 1km² with a number of buildings
Facility Status: Operational

Pakistan reportedly produces tritium at the Khushab complex, near the Khushab-1 and Khushab-2 plutonium production reactors. Between 1985 and 1987, two German firms – Nuleartechnik GmbH (Neue Technologies GmbH) and Physikalisch-Technische Beratung – provided Pakistan with a tritium purification and production facility, tritium precursor materials, and 0.8g of pure tritium. [1] Tritium can be used to boost the explosive yield of nuclear weapons. [2]

[1] Nuclear Black Markets: Pakistan, A.Q. Khan and the Rise of Proliferation Networks (International Institute for Strategic Studies: London, 2007); Craig S. Smith, "Roots of Pakistan Atomic Scandal Traced to Europe," The New York Times, 19 February 2004.
[2] "Global Fissile Material Report 2010: Appendix A," International Panel on Fissile Materials, December 2010,

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