Mayang Island Missile Base

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Last Updated: March 1, 2003
Other Name: 마양도 미사일 기지, Mayangdo Missile Base, Mayang-do Missile Base, Mayang Missile Base
Location: Mayang Island (마양도), Mayang-dong (마양동), Shinp'o (신포시), South Hamgyŏng Province (함경남도), North Korea
Subordinate To: Unidentified coastal defense missile regiment, Korean People's Navy (조선인민군해군), Ministry of the People's Armed Forces (인민무력성), National Defense Commission (국방위원회)
Size: Unknown
Facility Status: Unknown

Mayang Island is the site of a large submarine base that has both production and repair facilities. Surface-to-ship missiles had already been deployed to the site by the 1970s, and during the 1980s, North Korea began construction of tunnels for the missiles. North Korean defector Im Yŏng Sŏn heard that "Russian missiles were deployed here first." North Korea first received SS-N-2 Styx anti-ship missiles from the Soviet Union in 1967 or 1968, and could have been deployed here after that. Silkworm anti-ship missiles are probably deployed here now.

[1] Interview with North Korean defector Im Yŏng Sŏn by Daniel A. Pinkston, senior research associate, Center for Nonproliferation Studies, 14 December 2001, Seoul.
[2] "North Korea Special Weapons Guide," Federation of American Scientists,
[3] Eya Osamu, Seimitsu: Sekaikikenchizu; Hanransuru Kitachosen (Tokyo: Tokuma Shoten, 1995), p. 232.
[4] Lee Mi Suk, "Pukhan Missile Chejogonjang Ch'oeso 4 Kot Unyŏng," Munhwa Ilbo, 25 March 1999, in KINDS,
[5] Chang Chun Ik, Pukhan Haek-Missile Chŏnjaeng (Seoul: Sŏmundang, May 1999).
[6] Joseph S. Bermudez, Jr., "A History of Ballistic Missile Development in the DPRK," Occasional Paper No. 2, Center for Nonproliferation Studies, November 1999.
[7] Joseph S. Bermudez, Jr., The Armed Forces of North Korea (New York: I.B. Tauris, 2001).

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