Helwan Company for Workshop Tools

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Last Updated: February 1, 2011
Other Name: Factory 999; Helwan Munitions Factory, Ballistics Section; Helwan Company for Machine Tools; Helwan Machinery and Equipment Company
Location: Helwan
Subordinate To: Ministry of Military Production
Size: Multiple Factories
Facility Status: Operational, involved in missile production

The Helwan Company for Workshop Tools has a division that specializes in the production of various small arms, artillery and aircraft delivered munitions. [1]

During the early 1950s the firm helped develop ballistic missile and long-range artillery rockets in cooperation with the Compagnie des Engines à Réaction pour Vol Accéleré (CERVA), an Egyptian government-controlled enterprise in the Heliopolis section of Cairo. [2] During the 1980s, the Helwan Company was the planned site for missile production of the Vector (Condor II) missile. [3]

In March 1999, the U.S. State Department applied two-year sanctions to the company for transferring dual-use U.S. technology and missile components to North Korea. [4]

[1] Hammam Nasr, "Egypt: Military Factories," International Market Insight, 1998, www.fas.org.
[2] Joseph S. Bermudez, Jr., "Ballistic missile development in Egypt," Jane's Intelligence Review, October 1992, pp. 452-458.
[3] William E. Burrows and Robert Windrem, Critical Mass: The Dangerous Race for Superweapons in a Fragmenting World (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1994), p. 473.
[4] "Israel, USA claim Egyptian missile links with N Korea" Jane's Defense Weekly 33, No. 8, 23 February 2000, www.janes.com; "Egypt: Production Capability," Jane's CBRN Assessments, 5 December 2008, www.janes.com.

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