National Nuclear Center (NNC)

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Last Updated: June 10, 2014
Other Name: NNC
Location: Kurchatov, former Semipalatinsk Test Site, East Kazakhstan Oblast (see a map of Semipalatinsk)
Subordinate To: Government of Kazakhstan, established by Presidential Decree No.779.
Size: N/A
Facility Status: Operational


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The NNC was created by presidential decree in May 1992. The NNC is charged with conducting research on the peaceful use of nuclear energy and radiation safety and is also responsible for evaluating the consequences of nuclear tests at the now-closed Semipalatinsk Test Site. All nuclear research reactors in Kazakhstan are under the jurisdiction of the NNC. The NNC is involved in denuclearization projects in Kazakhstan under the Cooperative Threat Reduction program, including projects under the auspices of the International Science and Technology Center (ISTC).

[1] Report done for CNS, Kazakhstan Atomic Energy Agency, 7 July 1995.
[2] Emily Ewell, "International Conference on Nonproliferation Problems," CNS trip report, September 1997, KAZ970900, pp. 4-5.

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This article provides an overview of Kazakhstan’s historical and current policies relating to nuclear, chemical, biological and missile proliferation.

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This material is produced independently for NTI by the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey and does not necessarily reflect the opinions of and has not been independently verified by NTI or its directors, officers, employees, or agents. Copyright 2019.