Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology (NINT)

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Last Updated: July 26, 2012
Other Name: 西北核技术研究所; Northwest Nuclear Technology Institute
Location: Xi'an, Shaanxi Province
Subordinate To: General Armaments Department (unconfirmed)
Size: Unknown
Facility Status: Operational

The Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology (NINT) provided diagnostic support for China’s nuclear test program. [1] It is now developing a key role for verification of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), and has the primary responsibility for China’s field implementation of technologies for the International Monitoring System. [2] NINT Professor Feihong Kuang and Senior Expert Dr. Zhenfu Li are expert members of the Chinese delegation to the CTBTO Working Group’s meetings on verification issues. [3]

NINT is also involved in the research, design and testing of weapons, including high-power microwave weapons. [4] It is listed on the U.S. Bureau of Industry and Security’s Entity List as an organization requiring a license for export for all items in the Export Administration Regulations. [5]

[1] Rodney Jones and Mark McDonough, Tracking Nuclear Nonproliferation (Washington, D.C., Carnegie, 1998), p. 65.
[2] Nancy Prindle, “The U.S.-China Lab-to-Lab Technical Exchange Program,” The Nonproliferation Review, Spring-Summer 1998, p. 113.
[3] “Biographical Note: Feihong Kuang,” Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Organization,; “Biographical Note: Zhenfu Li,” Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Organization,
[4] Mark Stokes, “China’s Strategic Modernization: Implications for the United States,” report distributed by the Strategic Studies Institute of the U.S. Army War College, September 1999,
[5] Department of Commerce, Bureau of Industry and Security, “Supplement No. 4 to Part 744 - ENTITY LIST,” Export Administration Regulations, Updated 15 August 2011.

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This material is produced independently for NTI by the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey and does not necessarily reflect the opinions of and has not been independently verified by NTI or its directors, officers, employees, or agents. Copyright 2019.